The Open Nutrition Journal

ISSN: 1874-2882 ― Volume 9, 2015

A School Nutrition Program Improves Vegetable and Fruit Knowledge, Preferences, and Exposure in First Nation Youth

The Open Nutrition Journal, 2011, 5: 1-6

A. Gates, R.M. Hanning, M. Gates, A.D. Isogai, J. Metatawabin, L.J.S. Tsuji

University of Waterloo, Health Studies and Gerontology, Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, 200 University Ave. West, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1, Canada

Electronic publication date 26/7/2011
[DOI: 10.2174/1874288201105010001]


Addressing the high prevalence of overweight and obesity is a priority for Aboriginal youth. This study evaluated the implementation of a comprehensive school-wide vegetable and fruit program for grade six to eight First Nation students in Fort Albany, Ontario. The impact on nutrition knowledge and self-efficacy, and intentions to eat more vegetables and fruit was evaluated using the Knowledge, Self-efficacy, and Intentions questionnaire, adapted from the Pro-Children Questionnaire. Evaluation also included focus groups with teachers and questionnaires for parents/guardians and students to assess satisfaction. In this sample of students, the program improved knowledge, exposure to, and preferences for vegetables and fruit, but did not impact intentions or self-efficacy. Thus, school nutrition programs may be popular and effective in shifting knowledge and preferences to consume healthy foods; however, no sustained benefit can be achieved without addressing barriers to access to affordable, healthy foods in remote communities.

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