The Open Optics Journal


ISSN: 1874-3285 ― Volume 9, 2015

Evaluation of Two-Dimensional Phase Unwrapping Algorithms for Interferometric Adaptive Optics Utilizing Liquid-Crystal Spatial Light Modulators

The Open Optics Journal , 2008, 2: 48-52

K.L. Baker , D.A. Silva

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA, USA.

Electronic publication date 9/9/2008
[DOI: 10.2174/1874328500802010048]


A Twyman-Green interferometer is used to measure the phase induced by a liquid-crystal spatial light modulator (LC-SLM) via spatial-carrier phase measurement methods in order to characterize the phase response as a function of applied voltage. With the phase response characterized, the LC-SLM can be operated in a closed-loop adaptive optics system. Four separate phase unwrapping algorithms are evaluated for their ability to unwrap the resulting modulo 2􀀁 signal. The evaluation process consisted of measuring the response of the liquid-crystal spatial light modulator to applied voltages, creating a response matrix for the liquid-crystal spatial light modulator and then running the device in a closed-loop adaptive optics system using the response matrix. The results indicated that the two least-squares phase unwrapping algorithms, based on multigrid techniques and Fourier transform techniques, provided superior performance over a path following algorithm and a two-dimensional extension of Itoh’s method when using these algorithms in a closed-loop adaptive optics system.

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