Clinical Practice & Epidemiology in Mental Health

ISSN: 1745-0179 ― Volume 15, 2019

The Physical Body Experiences Questionnaire Simplified for Active Aging (PBE-QAG)

Giulia Cossu1, Emilio Loi1, Mauro Giovanni Carta1, Alessia Bramanti2, 3, *
1 Department of Medical Sciences and Public Health, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy
2 Istituto di Scienze Applicate e Sistemi Intelligenti, ISASI, Messina, Italy
3 IRCCS Centro Neurolesi “Bonino-Pulejo”, Messina, Italy



The physical activity has been indicated as an experience that can help achieve positive, self-oriented own body awareness. This awareness is an aspect that tends to get worse with age.


Our study aims to verify the internal consistency of a questionnaire on physical awareness in a sample of Italian elders; a secondary objective is to measure if there is a relationship between physical awareness and perceived level of physical activity.


Cross sectional study on a consecutive sample of elderly people was administered the “Physical Body Experiences Questionnaire simplified for active aging (PBE-QAG)”, inspired by the “Physical Body Experiences Questionnaire”, modified, simplified and adapted to be used in the elderly over 65. To elderly people the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Cronbach’s alpha was also used to assess internal reliability of the total PBE-QAG. The factor structure was evaluated through Confirmatory Factor Analyses (CFAs).


The Cronbach’s alpha was 0.8 for the “body-mind relationship” scale, 0.81 for the “accepting your body” scale, 0.83 for the “awareness of physical skills” scale, and 0.65 for the “awareness of physical limits” scale. Cronbach’s alpha for the total PBE-QAG was 0.89. The CFA indicated a model with the 4 factors (CFI = 0.989, TLI = 0.984, RMSEA = 0.076).

People who conducted physical activity assiduously or regularly and over 10 minutes showed a better score to the PBE-QAG than those who declared a sporadic activity and for “less than 10 minute”, respectively.


Our study revealed that the PBE-QAG shows an excellent total internal consistency. In the Italian sample of elderly people the questionnaire shows the model with the 4 factors described in literature.

Keywords: Active aging, Physical Awareness, Elderly, Physical Activity, Physical Body Experiences Questionnaire, International Physical Activity Questionnaire.

Article Information

Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2018
Volume: 14
First Page: 70
Last Page: 77
Publisher Id: CPEMH-14-70
DOI: 10.2174/1745017901814010070

Article History:

Received Date: 29/01/2018
Revision Received Date: 27/02/2018
Acceptance Date: 08/03/2018
Electronic publication date: 26/03/2018
Collection year: 2018

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© 2018 Cossu et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Istituto di Scienze Applicate e Sistemi Intelligenti, ISASI, Via Torre Bianca, Istituto Marino, Mortelle, 98164 Messina, Italy; Tel: +39 09060128100; E-mail:


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