Clinical Practice & Epidemiology in Mental Health

ISSN: ― Volume ,

Arabic Version of the Personality Inventory for the DSM-5 (PID-5) in a Community Sample of United Arab Emirates Nationals

Olga Coelho1, *, Rute Pires1, 2, Ana Sousa Ferreira2, 3, Bruno Gonçalves1, 2, Maryam AlJassmi4, Joana Stocker4
1 CICPSI, Faculdade de Psicologia, Universidade de Lisboa, Alameda da Universidade, 1649-013 Lisboa, Portugal
2Faculdade de Psicologia, Universidade de Lisboa, Alameda da Universidade, 1649-013 Lisboa, Portugal
3Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL), Business Research Unit, Av. das Forças Armadas, 1649-026 Lisboa, Portugal
4 College of Natural and Health Sciences, Zayed University, P.O. Box 19282 Dubai, U.A.E



Section III of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) proposes a model for conceptualizing personality disorders in which they are characterized by impairments in personality functioning and maladaptive personality traits. The Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5) is a self-report measure that assesses the presence and severity of these maladaptive personality traits.


The current study examined the reliability and validity of the Arabic version of the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5) to measure maladaptive personality traits in the Emirati population of the United Arab Emirates.


The Arabic version of the PID-5 was administered to a community sample of 1,090 United Arab Emirates nationals (89.5% female and 10.5% male, mean age = 22.44 years old). The descriptive measures, internal consistency, test-retest reliability, convergent validity with NEO – Five Factor Inventory, as well as PID-5’s factor structure, were all addressed.


The PID-5facets and domains mean scores were higher in the Emirati sample compared to the original US sample. Internal consistency of the PID-5 scales was acceptable to high and test-retest coefficients ranged from 0.84 (facets) to 0.87 (domains). As expected, the five domains of the Arabic version of the PID-5 correlated significantly with all Five-Factor Model domains of personality. Additionally, the Arabic version of the PID-5 confirmed a five-factor structure that resembles the PID-5 domains.


The findings of this study provided initial support for the use of the Arabic version of the PID-5 to assess maladaptive personality traits in the Emirati population of the United Arab Emirates.

Keywords: Personality, DSM-5,Personality trait model, PID-5, United Arab Emirates, Psychometric properties.

Article Information

Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2020
Volume: 16
First Page: 180
Last Page: 188
Publisher Id: CPEMH-16-180
DOI: 10.2174/1745017902016010180

Article History:

Received Date: 11/03/2020
Revision Received Date: 30/05/2020
Acceptance Date: 31/05/2020
Electronic publication date: 30/07/2020
Collection year: 2020

© 2020 Coelho et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: ( This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the CICPSI, Faculdade de Psicologia, Universidade de Lisboa, Alameda da Universidade, 1649-013 Lisboa, Portugal, E-mail:

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