The Open AIDS Journal

ISSN: ― Volume ,

A Systematic Review of the Effects of Exercise Interventions on Body Composition in HIV+ Adults

L.L Leach*, S.H Bassett, G Smithdorf, B.S Andrews , A.L Travill
Department of Sport, Recreation and Exercise Science, University of the Western Cape, Cape Town, South Africa


Over the years, physical activity and exercise have been used to positively impact the health and quality of life of persons infected with HIV and, more recently, has been associated with a spectrum of body composition changes. The aim of this review was to examine the effects of various exercise interventions on body composition in HIV positive adults, using a search strategy of randomized, controlled trials (RCTs). A systematic review was performed by five independent reviewers using a predetermined protocol adapted from previous research for assessing the articles for inclusion, the extracted data, and methodological quality. Eight RCTs involving 430 (26% female) HIV positive adults performing exercise a minimum of thrice weekly for at least six weeks were finally selected: Four were progressive resistance training (PRT) studies, three were aerobic training (AT) studies, and one involved yoga. In the PRT studies, there were significant increases in three anthropometric measures, namely, body mass, sum of skinfolds and sum of limb girths. In the AT studies, significant decreases were found in seven anthropometric measures, namely, body mass index, waist-hip ratio, body mass, triceps skinfold, waist circumference and sum of skinfolds. With yoga, the changes were non-significant. Exercise contributes to improved body composition and, when applied safely, appears to be beneficial for adults living with HIV/AIDS. However, these findings should be interpreted cautiously due to the relatively few RCTs published to date. Future studies would benefit from increased attention to sample size, female participants, participant follow-up, complete statistical analysis and intention-to-treat analysis.

Keywords: Acquired immune disease syndrome, anthropometry, body composition, exercise, human immunodeficiency virus, intervention, physical activity, randomised control trials.

Article Information

Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2015
Volume: 9
Issue: Suppl 1: M3
First Page: 66
Last Page: 79
Publisher Id: TOAIDJ-9-66
DOI: 10.2174/1874613601509010066

Article History:

Received Date: 31/7/2015
Revision Received Date: 8/8/2015
Acceptance Date: 16/8/2015
Electronic publication date: 20/10/2015
Collection year: 2015

© Leach et al.; Licensee Bentham Open.

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Sport, Recreation and Exercise Science, University of the Western Cape, Private Bag X17, Bellville 7535, South Africa; Tel: 27-21-9592653; Fax: 27-21-9593688; E-mail:

Track Your Manuscript:


"Publishing with Bentham Open was a great experience. The timeliness and communication were outstanding. I am hopeful that I will have the opportunity to publish with Bentham Open again in the future."

Dr. Daniel B. Chastain
Pharm.D., AAHIVP, Clinical Pharmacy Specialist, Infectious Diseases, Phoebe Health, USA

SCImago Journal Ranking

SCImago Journal & Country Rank

Browse Contents

Webmaster Contact:
Copyright © 2021 Bentham Open