The Open Agriculture Journal




ISSN: 1874-3315 ― Volume 13, 2019
RESEARCH ARTICLE

Poverty and Income Inequality in Rural Agrarian Household of Southwestern Nigeria: The Gender Perspective



Adeyemi A. Ogundipe1, *, Adebayo Ogunniyi2, Kehinde Olagunju3, Abiola J. Asaleye4
1 Department of Economics and Development Studies, Covenant University,Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria
2 Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
3 Szent Istvan University, Institute of Regional Economics and Rural Development, Gödöllő, Hungary
4 Department of Economics, Landmark University, Omu-Aran, Nigeria

Abstract

Introduction:

Poverty is a common phenomenon in the world today, with a vast dominance in Africa, with Nigeria not exempted. This paper analyzes gender perspective of income inequality and poverty among sample of rural households in Southwest, Nigeria. Gini coefficient, Foster-Greer-Thorbecke (FGT) and Logistic regression model was used to assess the objective of the study.

Methods:

The poverty line stands at N15271.83 ($76.74), with more than half (53.71%) of the male population considered poor while the female poor population stood at 47.22%. However, the study found that income inequality was lower among the male respondents than the female counterparts. A number of explanatory variables were considered, the following - educational years, household size, farming experience, market distance, extension access, credit access and member of social group represent important poverty drivers in the study area.

Results and Conclusion

The study therefore suggests that reducing the number of dependent household members and ensuring ready availability and equal access to institutional facilities, basic amenities, credit facilities, and human capital development of rural households are some measures that could curb the menace of poverty.

Keywords: Poverty, Inequality, Agriculture, Gender, Foster-Greer-Thorbecke, Logistic regression model.


Article Information


Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2019
Volume: 13
First Page: 51
Last Page: 57
Publisher Id: TOASJ-13-51
DOI: 10.2174/1874331501913010051

Article History:

Received Date: 22/08/2018
Revision Received Date: 20/03/2019
Acceptance Date: 26/03/2019
Electronic publication date: 30/04/2019
Collection year: 2019

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© 2019 Ogundipe et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode). This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Economics and Development Studies, Covenant University, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria;
Tel: +9034528854; E-mails: ade.ogundipe@covenantuniversity.edu.ng,
asaleyebiola@yahoo.com




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