Adjustable Horseshoe Headrest as a Positioning Adjunct in Airway Management for a Giant Occipital Encephalocele
Habib Muhammad Reazaul Karim1, *, Muhammad Yunus2, Angkita Barman2, Sonai Datta Kakati2, Samarjit Dey2
1 Andaman and Nicobar Islands Institute of Medical Sciences & GB Pant Hospital, Port Blair and NEIGRIHMS, Shillong, India
2 North Eastern Indira Gandhi Regional Institute of Health and Medical Sciences (NEIGRIHMS), Shillong, India
Presence of a giant occipital encephalocele poses a challenge for laryngoscopy by hindering optimal positioning. Intubations in different positions, assistance and modification of table surfaces have been reported with different rates of success and complications in such cases.
We used an adjustable horseshoe headrest as a positioning adjunct in airway management in a few cases during 2015 – 2016. Four babies were positioned with the help of the horseshoe headrest for direct laryngoscopy. These cases were then compared with previously conducted one more case whose trachea was intubated by the child’s head beyond the edge after an unsuccessful attempt in lateral position.
All four cases positioned with adjustable horseshoe head rest were intubated successfully with mean 2 ± 0.81 attempts with 2.25 ± 0.5 Cormack-Lehane laryngeal view. Significant complications were absent in the cases intubated by placing the head in horseshoe headrest as compared to the case performed in lateral position followed by placing the child’s head beyond the edge of the table with assistants supporting the baby.
This clinical paper discusses this infrequently reported modification, and also compares it with other positions and modifications commonly used in clinical practice.
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* Address correspondence to this author at the Andaman and Nicobar Islands Institute of Medical Sciences & GB Pant Hospital, Port Blair and NEIGRIHMS, Shillong, India; Tel: +919531847117; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org