The Open Anesthesia Journal

Formerly: The Open Anesthesiology Journal

ISSN: 2589-6458 ― Volume 13, 2019

Efficacy and Safety of Magnesium versus Dexmedetomidine as Additives to Local Anesthetic Mixture Using Single Injection Percutaneous Peribulbar Anesthesia in Vitreoretinal Surgeries

Aktham Shoukry*, Amr Sobhy Abd el Kawy
Anaesthesia & ICU, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt



Peribulbar block for vitreoretinal surgery is rather associated with delayed onset of globe anesthesia, akinesia and short duration of analgesia.


To compare the effect of addition of Magnesium sulphate vs dexmedetomidine to standard local anesthetics mixtures on the time of onset of Globe Anesthesia, Akinesia & analgesia duration.

Patients and Methods:

Ninety patients of both sexes, aged 25- 75 years, ASA I-III scheduled for vitreoretinal surgery. They were randomly allocated into 3 equal groups each received peribulbar block a mixture of Levo- bupivacaine 0.5% (3 ml) + lidocaine 2% (3 ml) +120 IU hyaluronidase + Control group (C): 0.5 ml of Normal saline. Group (M): 50 mg of Magnesium sulphate in 0.5 ml normal saline. Group (D): 50 μic of dexmedetomidine in 0.5 ml normal saline. The duration of sensory, motor block, Sedation level, Intra-ocular Pressure (IOP) and surgeon satisfaction were assessed.


The onset of globe anesthesia and akinesia was significantly shorter in M group in comparison with D and C Groups, with a significant increase in the duration of globe analgesia and akinesia in the D Group when compared to both M & C groups. Groups D and M showed a statistically significant decrease in the IOP at 5 min and 10 min when compared to the baseline measurement of the same groups & to C Group, no complications or adverse effects related to the drug or technique were recorded.


Magnesium sulphate as a local anesthetic adjuvant in peribulbar block is safe and comparable to dexmedetomidine regarding the sensory and motor block duration with better cost-effectiveness and availability.

Keyword: Magnesium sulphate, Dexmedetomidine, Peribulbar block, Single injection, Local anesthetic adjuvant, Vitreoretinal surgeries.

Article Information

Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2018
Volume: 12
First Page: 94
Last Page: 100
Publisher Id: TOATJ-12-94
DOI: 10.2174/2589645801812010094

Article History:

Received Date: 25/9/2018
Revision Received Date: 26/10/2018
Acceptance Date: 12/11/2018
Electronic publication date: 31/12/2018
Collection year: 2018

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© 2018 Aktham Shoukry.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: ( This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at Anaesthesia & ICU, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt; Tel: 01009506027; E-mail:


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