The Open Construction & Building Technology Journal

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Impulsive Tests on Historical Structures: The Dome of Teatro Massimo in Palermo

Mario Di Paola1, Francesco Lo Iacono2, Giacomo Navarra2, Antonina Pirrotta1, 3, *
1 Dipartimento di Ingegneria Civile, Ambientale, Aerospaziale, dei Materiali (DICAM), Università degli Studi di Pa-lermo, Viale delle Scienze, 90128 Palermo, Italy
2 Facoltà di Ingegneria ed Architettura, Università degli Studi di Enna “Kore”, Cittadella Universitaria, 94100 Enna Bassa, Enna, Italy
3 Department of Mathematical Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK


Cultural heritage is the set of things, that having particular historical cultural and aesthetic are of public interest and constitute the wealth and civilization of a place and its people. Sharpen up methodologies aimed at safeguarding of monuments is crucial because the future may have in mind the historical past. Italy is a country that has invested heavily on its historical memory returned in large part by the historical building or the monuments. Furthermore, culture represents a fundamental indicator of the growth of the culture of a country. Consider a monitoring project of one of the most Impressive theater in the world, like “Teatro Massimo” in Palermo (Italy), means to add value to both of the issues mentioned above. Among several methods providing useful information about the conservation status of the structures, dynamic monitoring techniques are suitable to check and restore the global behavior of the buildings. The anomalous features diagnosis of the structural dynamic response is an index of alterations of the material state and, in the worst cases, is related to the presence of damaged structural elements. The present paper assesses, through a real investigation, the importance of dynamic tests on historical buildings. In particular impulsive tests return the main structural characteristics describing the current behaviour. Such tests are then crucial for updating numerical evaluation and check the need of restoring original main features or not, suggesting a strategy of restoration as well.

Keywords: Experimental Dynamics, Modal Analysis, Noninvasive and Nondestructive Approach, System Identification, Teatro Massimo Dome, Finite Element Modeling.

Article Information

Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2016
Volume: 10
Issue: Suppl 1: M7
First Page: 122
Last Page: 135
Publisher Id: TOBCTJ-10-122
DOI: 10.2174/1874836801610010122

Article History:

Received Date: 30/6/2015
Revision Received Date: 15/8/2015
Acceptance Date: 26/8/2015
Electronic publication date: 29/04/2016
Collection year: 2016

© Paola et al.; Licensee Bentham Open.

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial 4.0 International Public License (CC BY-NC 4.0) (, which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Dipartimento di Ingegne-ria Civile, Ambientale, Aerospaziale, dei Materiali (DICAM), Univer-sità degli Studi di Palermo, Viale delle Scienze, 90128 Palermo, Italy; Tel: +39 09123896756; E-mail:

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