The Open Construction & Building Technology Journal

ISSN: 1874-8368 ― Volume 14, 2020

A Systematic Methodology for Pre-Reconstruction Planning in Post Conflict Scenarios

Ghassan Al-Chaar1, *, George Calfas2
1 Materials and Structural, Construction Engineering Research Laboratory, Champaign, IL 61822, USA
2 Environmental Processes Branch, Construction Engineering Research Laboratory, Champaign, IL 61822, USA



This study aims to assist in planning the preliminary phases of pre-reconstruction. The pre-reconstruction phase is critically important to the success of any reconstruction effort.


The period of reconstruction following armed civilian conflict, military operation or natural disaster is a critical window of opportunity to bring stability and normalcy to a region. Stability not only depends on resilient infrastructure, but also on reliable political systems, a national identity, and an able population to sustain the economy and system of governance.


It presents three foundational dimensions that contribute to creating and fostering a successful post-conflict or post-disaster environment: political reality awareness, cultural property protection, and capacity building. This study also presents a methodology that quantitatively assesses the specific elements that contribute to the success or failure of a planned reconstruction effort.


An in-depth understanding of the three dimensions of Political Reality, Cultural Property Protection, and Capacity Building is necessary to ensure a stable environment for any reconstruction operations to succeed without unpredicted obstacles.


A systematic methodology of assessing the potential outcomes of an effort can guide planners to evaluate the appropriateness of the effort for the scenario, as well as the probability of it, achieving success.

Keywords: Pre-Reconstruction, Reconstruction planning, Political reality and reconstruction, Cultural consideration, Capacity building, Resilient infrastructure, Cultural property.

Article Information

Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2019
Volume: 13
First Page: 301
Last Page: 307
Publisher Id: TOBCTJ-13-301
DOI: 10.2174/1874836801913010301

Article History:

Received Date: 29/05/2019
Revision Received Date: 09/08/2019
Acceptance Date: 20/08/2019
Electronic publication date: 22/11/2019
Collection year: 2019

© 2019 Ghassan and Calfas

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: ( This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at Materials and Structural, Construction Engineering Research Laboratory, Champaign, IL 61822, USA;
Tel: (217) 373-7247; E-mail:

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