The Open Construction & Building Technology Journal

ISSN: 1874-8368 ― Volume 13, 2019

An Analytical Formulation of Stress-Block Parameters for Confined Concrete

The Open Construction and Building Technology Journal , 2008, 2: 156-165

Franco Braga, Rosario Gigliotti, Michelangelo Laterza, Michele D’Amato

Department of Structural Engineering, University of Basilicata, Potenza, Italy.

Electronic publication date 22/8/2008
[DOI: 10.2174/1874836800802010156]

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In order to evaluate the capacity of RC members, the main codes allow the use of stress-strain laws that can reproduce closely the real behaviour of concrete, as opposed to parabola-rectangular or equivalent rectangular diagrams. Both sectional strength and ductility depend on the law of concrete, therefore they are influenced by the confinement of members, as evidenced in the literature. In this paper a possible design approach is presented, based on classic section analysis methods. The method uses parameters that represent the stress-strain law of confined concrete. The studies carried out show that such parameters can be chosen through simple relationships depending on the strength of non-confined concrete, on the amount and geometry of longitudinal and transverse reinforcement, and on the geometry of the section. At this aim some numerical analyses have been performed using an analytical model of confined concrete, capable of taking into account all the mentioned effects, even in the case of various sources of confinement, when different types of hoops and external elements (FRP wrappings, steel plates, etc.) are used. More in detail, the section interaction diagrams for the different limit states requires the definition of an appropriate upper bound for the strain of concrete. Therefore the study focuses on the possibility of using stress-blocks depending on the maximum stain assumed, or on the level of residual stress accepted in concrete according to a specified limit state. Further studies will extend the parametric analysis in order to obtain design equations to be implemented in codes.

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