Department of Biomaterials, Osaka Dental University, Osaka 573-1121, Japan
Cultured bovine-periosteum-derived cells can form three-dimensional structures on tissue culture dishes without artificial scaffolding material, can induce bone regeneration in vivo. The utility of cultured bovine-periosteum-derived cells for bone tissue regeneration after their transplantation into nude mice has been reported, the precise F-box molecular mechanism was unclear.
The aim of this study was to investigate the specific F-box proteins required for bone regeneration by cultured bovine-periosteum-derived cells in vitro.
In the present study, periosteum tissue and cultured periosteum-derived cells were cultured for 5 weeks in vitro and then embedded in collagen gel with a green tissue-marking dye. Electrophoresis and immunohistochemistry were used to identify the specific F-box proteins required for tissue bone regeneration.
The bovine-periosteum-derived cells were observed to form bone shortly after the expression of F-box proteins. After the initial phase of bone formation, the expression of the F-box proteins ceased. FBXW2 was shown to be expressed in the periosteum, but not in cultured periosteum-derived cells. Furthermore, FBXL14 disappeared during bone formation.
Bone regeneration requires progenitor cells, such as bovine-periosteum-derived cells and the activation of the F-box Proteins FBXW2 and FBXL14, over time the expression of these proteins ceases. Further scientific and clinical trials are needed to investigate how the F-box Proteins can be used therapeutically to treat osteoporosis and osteonecrosis.
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