Hepatic and Aortic Arch Expression and Serum Levels of Syndecan-1 in ApoE-/- Mice
Elena I. Leonova1, *, Elena S. Sadovnikova2, Elvira R. Shaykhutdinova2, Oxana V. Galzitskaya3, *, Arkady N. Murashev2, Alexandr S. Solonin1
1 Institute of Biochemistry and Physiology of Microorganisms, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow Region, Pushchino, 142290, Russia
2 Branch of Shemyakin-Ovchinnikov Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Pushchino 142290, Russia
3 Institute of Protein Research, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow Region, Pushchino, Russia
Heparan sulfate proteoglycan (HSPG) syndecan-1 (Sdc1) acts as a receptor for triglyceride-rich lipoproteins (TRLs), growth factors, chemokines and enzymes. Due to the disordered structure, its function is as diverse as its ligands. In this paper, we have analyzed hepatic and aortic arch expression of Sdc1 in ApoE-/- mice and examined their association with biochemical changes in plasma during the atheroma formation.
ApoE knockout (ApoE-/-) mice as a model of atherosclerosis were used. Plasma chemistry parameters were estimated by automatic biochemical analyzer. The ELISA test was used to detect soluble Sdc1. The mRNA level of syndecan-1 in liver cells and aortic arch was determined by real time PCR.
The Sdc1 mRNA level in liver cells was 1.5-2.5 times higher in ApoE-/- mice compared to the wild-type species and increased with age, whereas it remained at the same level in wild-type mice upon aging. Furthermore, the plasma cholesterol level was 4-6 times higher in ApoE-/- mice compared to the wild type; in contrast, triglyceride (TG) remained at the same level. Simultaneously, the expression of Sdc1 in the aortic arch of ApoE-/- mice decreases with age; however, it increases in wild-type mice of the same age. We determined that the Sdc1 mRNA expression in liver cells is significantly higher compared to the cells of aortic arch. In addition, our research demonstrated that the level of soluble Sdc1 slightly increased with age and did not depend on mouse genotype; yet, the total amount of soluble Sdc1 was higher in ApoE-/- mice.
Our data suggest that the level of soluble Sdc1 in serum of mice can be associated with chronic inflammation. In addition, we hypothesized that a compensatory increase in the Sdc1 expression in ApoE-/- mice may prevent accumulation of triglycerides in serum, yet having no effect on cholesterol accumulation.
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* Address correspondence to Institute of Biochemistry and Physiology of Microorganisms; Institute of Protein Research, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow Region, Pushchino, 142290, Russia; Tel: 779036750156; E-mails: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com