The Open Biochemistry Journal

ISSN: 1874-091X ― Volume 14, 2020

Role of Immunoinformatics in Accelerating Epitope-Based Vaccine Development against Dengue Virus

Ahmad Husein Alkaff1, Mutiara Saragih1, Mochammad Arfin Fardiansyah1, Usman Sumo Friend Tambunan1, *
1 Department of Chemistry, Universitas Indonesia, Kampus UI Depok 16424, Depok, Jawa Barat, Indonesia


Dengue Fever (DF) has emerged as a significant public health problem of international concern with its high prevalence in the tropic and subtropical regions. Dengue Virus (DENV), which is the cause of DF, consists of four serotypes of antigenically distinct viruses. The immense variation and limited identity similarity at the amino acid level lead to a problematic challenge in the development of an efficacious vaccine. Fortunately, the extensively available immunological data, the advance in antigenic peptide prediction, and the incorporation of molecular docking and dynamics simulation in immunoinformatics have directed the vaccine development towards the rational design of the epitope-based vaccine. Here, we point out the current state of dengue epidemiology and the recent development in vaccine development. Subsequently, we provide a systematic review of our validated method and tools for B- and T-cell epitope prediction as well as the use of molecular docking and dynamics in evaluating epitope affinity and stability in the discovery of a new tetravalent dengue vaccine through computational epitope-based vaccine design.

Keywords: Dengue virus, Epitope-based vaccine, Antigen discovery, Immunoinformatics, In-silico vaccine design, Molecular docking simulation, Molecular dynamics simulation.

Article Information

Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2020
Volume: 14
First Page: 9
Last Page: 18
Publisher Id: TOBIOCJ-14-9
DOI: 10.2174/1874091X02014010009

Article History:

Received Date: 25/12/2019
Revision Received Date: 24/02/2020
Acceptance Date: 06/03/2020
Electronic publication date: 21/04/2020
Collection year: 2020

© 2020 Alkaff et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at Bioinformatics Research Group, Department of Chemistry, Universitas Indonesia, Kampus UI Depok 16424, Depok, Jawa Barat, Indonesia; E-mail:

Track Your Manuscript:


"We have always had a fruitful cooperation and long-term experience of publishing with Bentham Open."

"A number of our original papers have appeared in its different journals, as the Bentham Open Publishers provides sufficient research in the field of science and technologies (belonging to the pharmaceutical, biotechnology, biomedical industries etc). The staff of the Bentham Open always treat our papers very seriously and gently during the rutile paper reviewing process, so far we always felt their kindness and highly cooperative support. Today, Bentham Open is providing a great support to science and research, giving opportunities of high standard publishing as well as promoting and enhancing selected papers around the world through communication and exchange of global scientific education."

Kholmirzo T. Kholmurodov
Leading Scientist
FLNP (Frank Laboratory of Neutron Physics) JINR (Joint Institute of Nuclear Research) Moscow region, Russia

Browse Contents

Webmaster Contact:
Copyright © 2020 Bentham Open