Gossypol Inhibits Electron Transport and Stimulates ROS Generation in Yarrowia lipolytica Mitochondria
Anna Yu Arinbasarova, Alexander G Medentsev, Vladimir I Krupyanko*
G.K. Skryabin Institute of Biochemistry and Physiology of Microorganisms, Russian Academy of Sciences, 142290, Pushchino, Moscow Region, Pr. Nauki 5, Russia
This work studied the effect of gossypol on the mitochondrial respiratory chain of Yarrowia lipolytica. The compound was shown to inhibit mitochondrial electron transfer and stimulate generation of reactive oxygen species. The inhibition kinetics in oxidation of various substrates (NADH, succinate, α-glycerophosphate and pyruvate + malate) by isolated mitochondria was investigated. Analysis of the kinetic parameters showed gossypol to inhibit two fragments of the mitochondrial electron transfer chain: a) between coenzyme Q and cytochrome b with KIIIi of 118.3 μM (inhibition by the noncompetitive type), and b) at the level of exogenous NADH dehydrogenase with of KIi 17.2 μM (inhibition by the mixed type).
Keywords: Gossypol, ROS production, Kinetics of inhibition, Mitochondria, Yarrowia lipolytica.
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* Address correspondence to this author at the G.K. Skryabin Institute of Biochemistry and Physiology of Microorganisms, Russian Academy of Sciences, 142290, Pushchino, Moscow Region, Pr. Nauki 5, Russia; Tel: 7(495) 925 74 48; Fax: 7(495) 956 33 70; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org