Nosocomial infections (NI) or hospital-acquired diseases are indicators of the quality of care. This study
conducted in Mali aimed to determine the frequency of nosocomial infections, to recognize the risk factors, to identify the
pathogens and their sensitivity to antibiotics and to determine the additional cost of care. The study lasted 6 months from
January to June 2007, and the diagnosis of nosocomial infections was based on criteria from the USA C.D.C (Center for
Disease Control). We identified 460 patients and 44 among them (9.6%) were affected by nosocomial infections, which
included 31 cases of surgical site infections (57.4%), 9 cases of infections on burns (16.7%), 7 cases of lung infections
(13%), and 7 cases of urinary tract infections (13%). The most frequently isolated bacteria were Escherichia coli (44%).
All isolated bacteria were resistant to amoxicillin and 46% were sensitive to ciprofloxacin. The risk factors for infection
were emergency surgery, ASA (American Society of Anaesthesiology) class and the type of surgery defined by Altemeir.
The preoperative preparation of the patients, the strict respect of hygiene and asepsis to the operating room can reduce the
frequency of NI in our country.