Dual-concentrically Braced Frames Using High Strength Steel – Seismic Response
André Tenchini1, 2, *, Carlos Rebelo1, Luis Simões da Silva1, Luciano Lima2
I ISISE, Civil Engineering Department, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal
2 Faculty of Engineering, State University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
The recent technological advances on steel production process allowed introducing in construction market steel grades with significantly high yield strength. These new materials are known as High Strength Steel (HSS). The use of these steel grades offers economical and mechanical benefits compared with mild carbon steel (MCS). Consequently, their use is constantly increasing especially for seismic applications that are the rational field to exploit the high performance of HSS, by means of the “dual-steel” concept, which combines the HSS with MCS in order to provide overstrength to non-dissipative element and ductility to dissipative ones, thus controlling the global frame behaviour into a ductile overall failure mode. In this paper, a comprehensive parametric study devoted to investigate the seismic performance of Eurocode 8 compliant dual-steel chevron Dual-Concentrically Braced Frames (D-CBF) is presented and discussed. This structural typology is composed of two dissipative sub-systems acting in parallel, namely Moment Resisting Frames (MRFs) and Concentrically Braced Frames (CBFs). Static nonlinear pushover analyses were carried out in order to assess the seismic performance of the D-CBFs. The examined parameters cover both geometric and mechanical variables, as the type columns, span length, number of storeys and spectral shape. The analyses showed that the use of HSS in Eurocode 8 compliant D-CBFs is effective to avoid the damage in non-dissipative members. On the other hand, the use of HSS leads to design flexible members, especially for the braced-intercepted beams, resulting in poor performance of bracing members due to significant damage concentration. The economic evaluation shows that the use of HSS allows reducing the material consumptions and dropping the total constructional costs.
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