The Open Civil Engineering Journal




ISSN: 1874-1495 ― Volume 13, 2019
RESEARCH ARTICLE

Behavior of High Strength Hybrid Reinforced Concrete Deep Beams under Monotonic and Repeated Loading



Sawsan Akram Hassan, Ansam Hassan Mhebs*
Civil Engineering Department, Al-Mustansiriayah University, Baghdad, Iraq

Abstract

Introduction:

This study presents the experimental and analytical investigation of the behavior of high strength hybrid reinforced concrete deep beams under monotonic and repeated two-point load. The idea of hybrid in this work is different. Two types of concrete were used in beam but not in cross-section. The first type was the Fibrous High Strength Concrete (FHSC) at shear spans for enhancing shear capacity against cracking due to diagonal strut failure (by adding Steel Fiber (SF) in that regions), while the second type was the Conventional High Strength Concrete (CHSC) at the mid-portion between the two strengthened shear spans.

Methods:

The experimental work included the casting and testing of ten deep beams. Five among the beams were tested under monotonic loading (control beams) and other beams were tested under repeated loading at the level of 75% of ultimate load of control beams. The effect of some selected parameters as the type of load, the hybrid and non-hybrid beams, the compressive strength of concrete (fʹc) (normal and high) and the amount of web reinforcement (ρw) were studied in terms of crack patterns, ultimate load and load versus midspan deflection.

Results and Conclusion:

From the experimental test results, when beam cast with fibrous with SF of 1% concrete along entire length, the ultimate load of 10.96% increased as compared with hybrid beam. And it was observed to increase as much as 32.78% as compared with beam cast from conventional high strength concrete under monotonic loading. Under repeated loading of 75% control ultimate load, the ultimate load for beam cast with fibrous concrete along entire length increased as much as 15.32% as compared with hybrid beam. And it was seen to increase 36.17% as compared with the beam cast from conventional high strength concrete. The percentage increase in ultimate load of hybrid (SF ratio 1%) deep beam cast with high strength concrete became 97.3% as compared with the identical beam cast with normal strength concrete under monotonic loading and (98.21%) under repeated loading (load 75% control beam load). The percentage increase as ultimate load for hybrid beam cast with SF ratio 1% was 9.62% as compared with hybrid beam with SF ratio 0%. As the web reinforcement increased from 0 to 0.004 and from 0 to 0.006, the percentage increased in the ultimate load as 28.07% and 57.89%, under monotonic loading as 26.14% and 59.09%, under repeated loading.

Then, Strut and Tie model (STM) procedures were used to analyze the experimentally tested hybrid deep beams under monotonic loading of the present investigation. Comparison of experimental results was made with corresponding predicted values using the STM procedure presented of ACI 318R-14 Code and with other procedures

Keywords: High strength, Deep beam, Hybrid, Fibrous high strength concrete, Conventional concrete, Strut and Tie model.


Article Information


Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2018
Volume: 12
First Page: 263
Last Page: 282
Publisher Id: TOCIEJ-12-263
DOI: 10.2174/1874149501812010263

Article History:

Received Date: 13/1/2018
Revision Received Date: 22/6/2018
Acceptance Date: 13/7/2018
Electronic publication date: 13/08/2018
Collection year: 2018

Article Metrics:

CrossRef Citations:
0

Total Statistics:

Full-Text HTML Views: 1459
Abstract HTML Views: 1080
PDF Downloads: 735
ePub Downloads: 241
Total Views/Downloads: 3515

Unique Statistics:

Full-Text HTML Views: 629
Abstract HTML Views: 595
PDF Downloads: 421
ePub Downloads: 160
Total Views/Downloads: 1805
Geographical View

© 2018 Hassan and Mhebs.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode). This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


* Address correspondence to this author at the Civil Engineering Department, Al-Mustansiriayah University, Baghdad, Iraq, Tel: +6947712921362; E-mails: ans90ans@gmail.com; drc_sawsanakram@uomustansiriyah.edu.iq


Endorsements



"Open access will revolutionize 21st century knowledge work and accelerate the diffusion of ideas and evidence that support just in time learning and the evolution of thinking in a number of disciplines."


Daniel Pesut
(Indiana University School of Nursing, USA)

"It is important that students and researchers from all over the world can have easy access to relevant, high-standard and timely scientific information. This is exactly what Open Access Journals provide and this is the reason why I support this endeavor."


Jacques Descotes
(Centre Antipoison-Centre de Pharmacovigilance, France)

"Publishing research articles is the key for future scientific progress. Open Access publishing is therefore of utmost importance for wider dissemination of information, and will help serving the best interest of the scientific community."


Patrice Talaga
(UCB S.A., Belgium)

"Open access journals are a novel concept in the medical literature. They offer accessible information to a wide variety of individuals, including physicians, medical students, clinical investigators, and the general public. They are an outstanding source of medical and scientific information."


Jeffrey M. Weinberg
(St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital Center, USA)

"Open access journals are extremely useful for graduate students, investigators and all other interested persons to read important scientific articles and subscribe scientific journals. Indeed, the research articles span a wide range of area and of high quality. This is specially a must for researchers belonging to institutions with limited library facility and funding to subscribe scientific journals."


Debomoy K. Lahiri
(Indiana University School of Medicine, USA)

"Open access journals represent a major break-through in publishing. They provide easy access to the latest research on a wide variety of issues. Relevant and timely articles are made available in a fraction of the time taken by more conventional publishers. Articles are of uniformly high quality and written by the world's leading authorities."


Robert Looney
(Naval Postgraduate School, USA)

"Open access journals have transformed the way scientific data is published and disseminated: particularly, whilst ensuring a high quality standard and transparency in the editorial process, they have increased the access to the scientific literature by those researchers that have limited library support or that are working on small budgets."


Richard Reithinger
(Westat, USA)

"Not only do open access journals greatly improve the access to high quality information for scientists in the developing world, it also provides extra exposure for our papers."


J. Ferwerda
(University of Oxford, UK)

"Open Access 'Chemistry' Journals allow the dissemination of knowledge at your finger tips without paying for the scientific content."


Sean L. Kitson
(Almac Sciences, Northern Ireland)

"In principle, all scientific journals should have open access, as should be science itself. Open access journals are very helpful for students, researchers and the general public including people from institutions which do not have library or cannot afford to subscribe scientific journals. The articles are high standard and cover a wide area."


Hubert Wolterbeek
(Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands)

"The widest possible diffusion of information is critical for the advancement of science. In this perspective, open access journals are instrumental in fostering researches and achievements."


Alessandro Laviano
(Sapienza - University of Rome, Italy)

"Open access journals are very useful for all scientists as they can have quick information in the different fields of science."


Philippe Hernigou
(Paris University, France)

"There are many scientists who can not afford the rather expensive subscriptions to scientific journals. Open access journals offer a good alternative for free access to good quality scientific information."


Fidel Toldrá
(Instituto de Agroquimica y Tecnologia de Alimentos, Spain)

"Open access journals have become a fundamental tool for students, researchers, patients and the general public. Many people from institutions which do not have library or cannot afford to subscribe scientific journals benefit of them on a daily basis. The articles are among the best and cover most scientific areas."


M. Bendandi
(University Clinic of Navarre, Spain)

"These journals provide researchers with a platform for rapid, open access scientific communication. The articles are of high quality and broad scope."


Peter Chiba
(University of Vienna, Austria)

"Open access journals are probably one of the most important contributions to promote and diffuse science worldwide."


Jaime Sampaio
(University of Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Portugal)

"Open access journals make up a new and rather revolutionary way to scientific publication. This option opens several quite interesting possibilities to disseminate openly and freely new knowledge and even to facilitate interpersonal communication among scientists."


Eduardo A. Castro
(INIFTA, Argentina)

"Open access journals are freely available online throughout the world, for you to read, download, copy, distribute, and use. The articles published in the open access journals are high quality and cover a wide range of fields."


Kenji Hashimoto
(Chiba University, Japan)

"Open Access journals offer an innovative and efficient way of publication for academics and professionals in a wide range of disciplines. The papers published are of high quality after rigorous peer review and they are Indexed in: major international databases. I read Open Access journals to keep abreast of the recent development in my field of study."


Daniel Shek
(Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong)

"It is a modern trend for publishers to establish open access journals. Researchers, faculty members, and students will be greatly benefited by the new journals of Bentham Science Publishers Ltd. in this category."


Jih Ru Hwu
(National Central University, Taiwan)


Browse Contents



Webmaster Contact: info@benthamopen.net
Copyright © 2019 Bentham Open