The Open Cardiovascular Medicine Journal




ISSN: 1874-1924 ― Volume 13, 2019

Post-traumatic Stress Disorder and Cardiovascular Disease



Steven S Coughlin*
Environmental Epidemiology Service, Environmental Health Strategic Healthcare Group, Office of Public Health and Environmental Hazards, Department of Veterans Affairs, Washington, DC, USA

Abstract

This review provides an up-to-date summary of the evidence from clinical and epidemiologic studies indicating that persons with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may have an increased risk of coronary heart disease and possibly thromboembolic stroke. Persons with PTSD, a common anxiety disorder in both veteran and nonveteran populations, have been reported to have an increased risk of hypertension, hyperlipidemia, obesity, and cardiovascular disease. Increased activity of the sympathoadrenal axis may contribute to cardiovascular disease through the effects of catecholamines on the heart, vasculature, and platelet function. Reported links between PTSD and hypertension and other cardiovascular risk factors may partly account for reported associations between PTSD and heart disease. The associations observed between PTSD and cardiovascular diseases have implications for cardiology practice and research.

Keywords: Anxiety disorders, coronary heart disease, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, post-traumatic stress disorder, stroke, veterans..


Article Information


Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2011
Volume: 5
First Page: 164
Last Page: 170
Publisher Id: TOCMJ-5-164
DOI: 10.2174/1874192401105010164

Article History:

Received Date: 22/4/2011
Revision Received Date: 9/5/2011
Acceptance Date: 10/5/2011
Electronic publication date: 11/7/2011
Collection year: 2011

Article Metrics:

CrossRef Citations:
0

Total Statistics:

Full-Text HTML Views: 1488
Abstract HTML Views: 1712
PDF Downloads: 304
Total Views/Downloads: 3504

Unique Statistics:

Full-Text HTML Views: 651
Abstract HTML Views: 994
PDF Downloads: 221
Total Views/Downloads: 1866
Geographical View

© Steven S. Coughlin; Licensee Bentham Open.

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.


* Address correspondence to this author at the Environmental Epidemiology Service (135), Environmental Health Strategic Healthcare Group, Office of Public Health and Environmental Hazards, 810 Vermont Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20420, USA; Tel: (202) 266-4656; E-mail steven.coughlin@va.gov



Endorsements



"I am very satisfied by all the services, friendly communication and the attention that was given to my manuscript. My sincere gratitude tou you and the entire team of Bentham Open"


Aristofanis Gikas
Health Centre of Kalivia, K
alivia, Attiki,
Greece


Browse Contents



Webmaster Contact: info@benthamopen.net
Copyright © 2019 Bentham Open