The Open Dentistry Journal

ISSN: 1874-2106 ― Volume 14, 2020

The Role of Occlusion in the Dental Implant and Peri-implant Condition: A Review

Carmen V. Graves1, Steve K. Harrel1, *, Jeffrey A. Rossmann1, David Kerns1, Jorge A. Gonzalez2, Elias D. Kontogiorgos3, Ibtisam Al-Hashimi1, Celeste Abraham1
1 Periodontics Department, Texas A&M Baylor College of Dentistry, Dallas, Texas, USA
2 Center of Maxillofacial Prosthesis, Texas A&M Baylor College of Dentistry, Dallas, Texas, USA
3 Restorative Science and Implant Dentistry, Texas A&M Baylor College of Dentistry, Dallas, Texas, USA


Dental implants have become a widely used dental treatment approach. It is important to identify factors that can be detrimental to dental implants and the peri-implant complex. There is controversy regarding whether occlusion plays a role in the implant and peri-implant condition. The present study aims to review the scientific literature regarding this topic. Animal and human studies, and previous reviews on the topic are included and presented. There is a wide heterogeneity among study designs. Several articles demonstrated that occlusion and occlusion overload could detrimentally affect the peri-implant condition, while other articles did not support these results. More studies are needed to help understand the mechanisms by which occlusion might play a role in the peri-implant condition.

Keywords: Dental implants, Occlusion, Overload, Occlusal discrepancies, Peri-implant.

Article Information

Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2016
Volume: 10
First Page: 594
Last Page: 601
Publisher Id: TODENTJ-10-594
DOI: 10.2174/1874210601610010594

Article History:

Received Date: 12/05/2016
Revision Received Date: 28/09/2016
Acceptance Date: 15/10/2016
Electronic publication date: 16/11/2016
Collection year: 2016

© Graves et al.; Licensee Bentham Open

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial 4.0 International Public License (CC BY-NC 4.0) (, which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Periodontics Department, Texas A&M Baylor College of Dentistry, Dallas, Texas, USA; Tel: (214) 352-5304; E-mail:


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Prevention of Oral and Dental Disease Research Center,
Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry,
Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz,

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