The Open Dentistry Journal




ISSN: 1874-2106 ― Volume 13, 2019

Diagnosis of Lingual Atrophic Conditions: Associations with Local and Systemic Factors. A Descriptive Review



M. Erriu1, *, F.M.G. Pili1, S. Cadoni2, V. Garau1
1 Department of Surgical Sciences, Cagliari University, Cagliari, Italy
2 Digestive Endoscopy Unit, S. Barbara Hospital, Iglesias (CA), Italy

Abstract

Atrophic glossitis is a condition characterised by absence of filiform or fungiform papillae on the dorsal surface of the tongue. Consequently, the ordinary texture and appearance of the dorsal tongue, determined by papillary protrusion, turns into a soft and smooth aspect.

Throughout the years, many factors, both local and systemic, have been associated with atrophic glossitis as the tongue is currently considered to be a mirror of general health. Moreover, various tongue conditions were wrongly diagnosed as atrophic glossitis. Oral involvement can conceal underlying systemic conditions and, in this perspective, the role of clinicians is fundamental.

Early recognition of oral signs and symptoms, through a careful examination of oral anatomical structures, plays a crucial role in providing patients with a better prognosis.

Keywords: Atrophic tongue, Gastrointestinal disease, Infections, Nutritional deficiency, Systemic conditions.


Article Information


Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2016
Volume: 10
First Page: 619
Last Page: 635
Publisher Id: TODENTJ-10-619
DOI: 10.2174/1874210601610010619

Article History:

Received Date: 03/04/2016
Revision Received Date: 09/10/2016
Acceptance Date: 15/10/2016
Electronic publication date: 16/11/2016
Collection year: 2016

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© Erriu et al.; Licensee Bentham Open

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial 4.0 International Public License (CC BY-NC 4.0) (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/legalcode), which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.


* Address correspondence to this author at the Cagliari University Via Ospedale, Cagliari Binaghi 4, 09121 Cagliari (CA), Italy; Tel: (+39) 070537429; E-mail: matteoerr@gmail.com


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Iran


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