Oral Health Impact Profile Scale Applied to Periodontal Disease: Relationship with Sociodemographic Variables in General Population and Clinic Samples from Monterrey, Mexico
Norma Idalia Rodríguez Franco1, *, José Moral de la Rubia2
1 Department of Periodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Dr. Eduardo Aguirre Pequeño and Silao. Col. Mitras Centro. Monterrey, N.L., Mexico. Zip Code 64460
2 Faculty of Psychology, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, c/ Dr. Carlos Canseco No. 110, corner with Dr. Eduardo Aguirre Pequeño. Col. Mitras Centro. Monterrey, N.L., Mexico. Zip Code 64460
The Oral Health Impact Profile applied to Periodontal Disease (OHIP-14-PD) shows good metric properties and great potential for its application in research and clinical practice.
To evaluate OHIP-14-PD capability to detect associations with sociodemographic variables, to verify whether the OHIP-14-PD can differentiate between a General Population Sample (GPS) and a Dental Clinic Sample (DCS), and to establish whether there are interaction effects between the two samples and sociodemographic variables.
The OHIP-14-PD was applied to two non-probability samples of 249 dental patients and 256 general adult population from Monterrey, Mexico. A validation study was done with a non-experimental cross-sectional design.
Occupation and age were related to OHIP-14-PD, although this last variable was redundant with the first one. In the GPS, the subjective socioeconomic status had a negative correlation with the OHIP-14-PD, but not in the DCS. The marital status showed significant association in DCS and significant interaction with the samples. Being married acted as a risk factor in the DCS, but as a protective factor in the GPS. Sex and education level were independent of the OHIP-14-PD. The expectation of discriminant validity of the OHIP-14-PD between the two samples was confirmed.
We conclude that the OHIP-14-PD presented evidence of discriminant validity. Its relation to sociodemographic variables was limited, being more related to occupation and marital status.
Keywords: Quality of life, Periodontal disease, Demographic factors, Population surveillance, Dental clinic, OHIP-14-PD.
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* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Periodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Dr. Eduardo Aguirre Pequeño and Silao. Col. Mitras Centro. Monterrey, N.L., Mexico. Zip Code 64460; Tel: (+52-81) 83294000; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org