The Open Dentistry Journal

ISSN: 1874-2106 ― Volume 14, 2020

Multidimensional Analysis of Curved Root Canal Preparation Using Continuous or Reciprocating Nickel-titanium Instruments

Iussif Mamede-Neto1, *, Álvaro Henrique Borges2, Ana Helena Gonçalves Alencar3, Marco Antonio Hungaro Duarte4, Manoel Damião Sousa Neto5, Carlos Estrela3
1 Department of Stomatologic Sciences, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Goiás, Goiânia, GO, Brazil
2 School of Dentistry, University of Cuiabá, Cuiabá, MT, Brazil
3 Department of Stomatologic Sciences, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Goiás, Goiânia, GO, Brazil
4 Departament of Dentistry, Endodontics and Dental Material, Bauru Dental School, University of São Paulo, Bauru, São Paulo, Brazil
5 Departament of Restaurative Dentistry, Dental School, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil



To evaluate transportation (T) and centering ability (CA) of root canal preparations using continuous or reciprocating nickel-titanium endodontic files.

Materials and Methods:

Ninety-six mesiobuccal root canals of mandibular first and second molars were randomly divided into 6 groups (n=16) according to the rotary file used: 1. ProTaper Next; 2. ProTaper Gold; 3. Mtwo; 4. BioRaCe; 5. WaveOne Gold; 6. Reciproc. Root canals were prepared according to manufacturer’s instructions. Cone beam computed tomography scans were obtained before and after root canal preparation. Measurements were made at six different reference points: 2, 3 and 4 mm from the apex and 2, 3 and 4 mm below furcation in different directions.


The greatest Mesiodistal (MD) Transportation (T) was found for Reciproc files (p<0.05), and the greatest buccolingual (BL) T, for Reciproc, ProTaper Gold and ProTaper Next files (p<0.05). The greatest Mesiodistal (MD) Centering Ability (CA) was found for BioRaCe files (p<0.05), and the greatest Buccolingual (BL) CA, for BioRaCe and Mtwo files (p<0.05).


All systems produced root canal transportation. No file system achieved perfect CA of root preparation. Reciproc files had the greatest MD T and BL T. BioRaCe files had the greatest MD CA, whereas BL CA was similar for BioRaCe and Mtwo files.

Keywords: Canal transportation, Centering ability, Cone beam computed tomographic, Endodontics, Nickel-titanium instruments, Mesiobuccal root canals.

Article Information

Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2018
Volume: 12
First Page: 32
Last Page: 45
Publisher Id: TODENTJ-12-32
DOI: 10.2174/1874210601812010032

Article History:

Received Date: 16/07/2017
Revision Received Date: 26/11/2017
Acceptance Date: 04/12/2017
Electronic publication date: 29/1/2018
Collection year: 2018

© 2018 Mamede-Neto et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Federal University of Goiás, Department of Stomatologic Sciences, Praça Universitária s/n, Setor Universitário, CEP 74605-220, Goiânia, GO, Brazil; Tel: 5562 984159973; Fax: 5562 984159973; E-mail:

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