The Open Dentistry Journal

ISSN: 1874-2106 ― Volume 14, 2020

Investigation of Stress Level Among Dentistry Students, General Dentists, and Pediatric Dental Specialists During Performing Pediatric Dentistry in Kerman, Iran, in 2017

Elham Farokh-Gisour1, *, Marjan Hatamvand2
1 Pediatric Dentistry Department, Center of Endodontic Research, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
2 Pediatric Dentistry Department, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran


Background & Aim:

Dentists are exposed to stress and tension as they have a close contact with the patients. The increase in stress may affect the dentists’ performance and can be a major threat to the physical and mental health of the patients. Pediatric dentistry requires experience, without which the amateur dentists and students feel lack of self-confidence, and consequently be unable to deal with problematic patients. There is no study investigating stress during pediatric dentistry among the dentistry students as well as general and pediatric dentists in Iran. Regarding the importance ofthis subject, we aimed to evaluate the stress level among the aforementioned three dental service providers during pediatric dentistry.

Materials & Methods:

This study was conducted on 300 dentistry students, general dentists, and pediatric dental specialists in Kerman, Iran. The data were collected using a questionnaire entailing demographic information and therapeutic practices of pediatric dentistry. After checking the participant’s comments, the data were analyzed using SPSS version 16 (IBM, Texas, USA).


According to the results, the mean age of the participants was 28±5 years. Out of the 300 participants, 113 (37.7%) and 178 (59.3%) cases were male and female, respectively, and 9 (3%) participants did not fill out this part. Furthermore, 108 (36%), 173 (57.7%), 6 (2%), and 10 (3.3%) subjects were general students, general dentists, residents, and pediatric residents, respectively. Anesthesia injection in the mandible for an anxious child and amalgam restoration in the mandible led to the highest and lowest stress levels in the participants, respectively. Furthermore, the mean stress levels were significantly different between the practices performed in the maxilla and mandible (P<0.001). In addition, the females showed a significantly higher level of stress, compared to the males (P<0.001). The specialists had significantly lower stress than the dentistry students and general dentists (P<0.001).


As the findings indicated, anesthetic injection to a nervous infant was the most stressful practice in pediatric dentistry. The results also showed that the pediatric dental specialists had lower stress level, compared to the students and general dentists.

Keywords: Stress, Anxiety, Pediatric dentistry, Maxilla, Mandible, General dentists.

Article Information

Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2018
Volume: 12
First Page: 631
Last Page: 637
Publisher Id: TODENTJ-12-631
DOI: 10.2174/1745017901814010631

Article History:

Received Date: 29/4/2018
Revision Received Date: 18/7/2018
Acceptance Date: 11/9/2018
Electronic publication date: 28/09/2018
Collection year: 2018

© 2018 Farokh-Gisour and Hatamvand.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: ( This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Pediatric Dentistry Department, Center of Endodontic Research, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran; Tel/Fax: 00985138414499; E-mail:

Track Your Manuscript:


"Thank you for your magnificent and marvelous support throughout the publication stages. I would like to endorse my experience with you as a Junior Researcher and a recent graduate of the Dental school. Once again Thank you for your Great Help and Guidance throughout the stages of Publication. You guys are a great team and I am proud to be a Young Bentham author."

Asra Sabir Hussain
The University of Edinburgh Business School, UK

"My experience with Bentham Open was a valuable one because the quality of the services and analysis of my paper contributed in improving what we intended to convey to the readers."

José Ricardo Kina
Department of Surgery and Integrated Clinic,
Araçatuba School of Dentistry, São Paulo State University

"The Publication Manager was very cooperative and replied my mails and guided me without any delays; however the reviewing process was too long."

Mahtab Memarpour
Prevention of Oral and Dental Disease Research Center,
Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry,
Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz,

Browse Contents

Webmaster Contact:
Copyright © 2020 Bentham Open