The Open Dentistry Journal




ISSN: 1874-2106 ― Volume 13, 2019
RESEARCH ARTICLE

Prevalence of Early Childhood Caries in Children Aged 1 to 5 Years in the City of Quito, Ecuador



Jenny E. C. Acuña1, Karina M. S. Freitas2, *, Rafael P. Henriques3, Emerson F. Cruz3, Maria C. R Binz Ordóñez4, Ghenna E. C. Arias5, Guillermo M. A. Balseca4
1 Department of Orthodontics, FACOP, Bauru, SP, Brazil
2 Department of Orthodontics, Uninga University Center, Maringa, PR, Brazil and FACOP, Bauru, SP, Brazil
3 Department of Orthodontics, FACOP, Bauru, SP, Brazil
4 Department of Dentistry, Universidade dos Hemisférios, Quito, Ecuador
5 Department of Orthodontics, Universidade de los Hemisférios, Quito, Ecuador

Abstract

Background:

Early childhood caries is an aggressive pathology that can destroy the teeth in a short time, reaching the proximal surfaces, causing discomfort, pain and affecting the dental pulp, causing premature loss of deciduous teeth.

Objective:

The purpose of this research is to determine the prevalence of early childhood caries in children aged 1 to 5 years of the Metropolitan District of Quito.

Materials and Methods:

This is a cross-sectional study including a sample of 557 children attending child care centers in Quito, Ecuador, between May and July 2018. The sample was evaluated clinically registering the data in a simplified dental file containing the odontogram and the result of decayed, lost and sealed teeth, according to the dmft index, as well as data such as age and gender. Data were tabulated and analyzed statistically by independent t-test.

Results:

The prevalence of early childhood caries was found to be 59.61%. Children affected by early childhood caries presented a mean age of 2.83 years, the ones suffered the most from this pathology were those of 2 years (35.54%), followed by those of 3 years (34.94%) and 4 years (22.5%). Boys presented more early childhood caries (53.92%) in relation to the girls (46.08%).

Conclusion:

The early childhood caries presented a prevalence of 59.61% and a general dmft index of medium level of severity according to the classification of the World Health Organization, in children from 1 to 5 years of age in Quito, Ecuador.

Keywords : Early childhood caries, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Dental pulp, Periodontal disease, Demineralization of enamel.


Article Information


Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2019
Volume: 13
First Page: 242
Last Page: 248
Publisher Id: TODENTJ-13-242
DOI: 10.2174/1874210601913010242

Article History:

Received Date: 02/04/2018
Revision Received Date: 30/06/2019
Acceptance Date: 04/07/2019
Electronic publication date: 31/07/2019
Collection year: 2019

Article Metrics:

CrossRef Citations:
0

Total Statistics:

Full-Text HTML Views: 291
Abstract HTML Views: 173
PDF Downloads: 96
ePub Downloads: 96
Total Views/Downloads: 656

Unique Statistics:

Full-Text HTML Views: 186
Abstract HTML Views: 109
PDF Downloads: 69
ePub Downloads: 68
Total Views/Downloads: 432
Geographical View

© 2019 Collantes Acuña et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode). This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Orthodontics. Uninga University Center, Maringa, PR, Brazil and FACOP, Bauru, SP, Brazil; Tel: 55 14 32358333; E-mail: kmsf@uol.com.br


Endorsements



"Thank you for your magnificent and marvelous support throughout the publication stages. I would like to endorse my experience with you as a Junior Researcher and a recent graduate of the Dental school. Once again Thank you for your Great Help and Guidance throughout the stages of Publication. You guys are a great team and I am proud to be a Young Bentham author."


Asra Sabir Hussain
The University of Edinburgh Business School, UK

"My experience with Bentham Open was a valuable one because the quality of the services and analysis of my paper contributed in improving what we intended to convey to the readers."


José Ricardo Kina
Department of Surgery and Integrated Clinic,
Araçatuba School of Dentistry, São Paulo State University
Brazil

"The Publication Manager was very cooperative and replied my mails and guided me without any delays; however the reviewing process was too long."


Mahtab Memarpour
Prevention of Oral and Dental Disease Research Center,
Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry,
Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz,
Iran


Browse Contents



Webmaster Contact: info@benthamopen.net
Copyright © 2019 Bentham Open