The Open Dentistry Journal

ISSN: ― Volume ,

Efficacy of Dental Implants Placements between Lateral and Crestal Sinus Lift Techniques: A Split-Mouth Study

Saad Al-Almaie1, *, Abdul M. Kavarodi2
1 Medical Administration, King Fahd Military Medical Complex, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Dental Science, King Fahd Military Medical Complex, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia



Bone atrophy and pneumatization of the maxillary sinus resulting from tooth loss, associated with low bone density in the region, do not usually allow adequate quantity and quality for the installation of osseointegrated implants.


To evaluate the efficacy of crestal and lateral sinus lift techniques which are performed on same patients.

Materials and Methods:

Ten patients who required both crestal and lateral approaches in 20 sinus lifts were selected; 31 endosseous dental implants were placed into these patients, with a reported timeline for each approach. Assessment of the surgical procedures in all patients was done using a Visual Analog Scale (VAS). Clinical and radiographic parameters, including Pocket Probing Depth (PPD), distance between the implant shoulder and the mucosal margin (DIM) and distance between the implant shoulder and first visible bone-implant contact (DIB), were analyzed to compare implant survival for both approaches.


All implants were successfully osseointegrated. No significant differences were observed between lateral and crestal approaches in PPD, DIM and DIB (p-values = 0.0504, 0.7784 and 0.18170, respectively), and in the total VAS scores (p-value ≥ 0.05). Most of the patients preferred the crestal approach due to the delay in implant placements with the lateral approach.


Evaluation of the sinus floor elevation is more precise when both techniques are performed on the same patient. Furthermore, although post-operative vertigo is a major concern with the crestal approach; patients preferred this approach over the lateral technique because it is less invasive and required less time for the procedure.

Keywords: Split mouth study, Sinus floor elevation, Vertigo, Lateral and crestal approaches, Visual analog scale, Reformatted fly-through image, Osteotome.

Article Information

Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2019
Volume: 13
First Page: 346
Last Page: 357
Publisher Id: TODENTJ-13-346
DOI: 10.2174/1874210601913010346

Article History:

Received Date: 18/07/2019
Revision Received Date: 30/08/2019
Acceptance Date: 06/10/2019
Electronic publication date: 15/11/2019
Collection year: 2019

© 2019 Al-Almaie and Kavarodi

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: ( This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at Medical Administration, King Fahd Military Medical Complex, P.O.Box 946 zipcode Dhahran 31932, Saudi Arabia; Tel: +011966504805413; E-mail:

Track Your Manuscript:


"Thank you for your magnificent and marvelous support throughout the publication stages. I would like to endorse my experience with you as a Junior Researcher and a recent graduate of the Dental school. Once again Thank you for your Great Help and Guidance throughout the stages of Publication. You guys are a great team and I am proud to be a Young Bentham author."

Asra Sabir Hussain
The University of Edinburgh Business School, UK

"My experience with Bentham Open was a valuable one because the quality of the services and analysis of my paper contributed in improving what we intended to convey to the readers."

José Ricardo Kina
Department of Surgery and Integrated Clinic,
Araçatuba School of Dentistry, São Paulo State University

"The Publication Manager was very cooperative and replied my mails and guided me without any delays; however the reviewing process was too long."

Mahtab Memarpour
Prevention of Oral and Dental Disease Research Center,
Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry,
Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz,

Browse Contents

Webmaster Contact:
Copyright © 2020 Bentham Open