Awareness and Practices of Dental Students and Dentists Regarding Infection Control in Prosthodontic Clinics
Ragheb Halawani1, *, Khalid Aboalshamat2, Ruba Alwsaidi3, Sultana Sharqawi3, Rawan Alhazmi4, Zahra Abualsaud3, Amal Alattallah4, Maha Alamri3
1 Department of Dentistry, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
2 Dental Public Health Division, Preventive Dentistry Department, Faculty of Dentistry, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Dentistry, Alfarabi Private College, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
4 Department of Dentistry, King Fahad Armed Forces Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Patient safety is a priority for achieving higher quality health care standards and human error> reduction.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the level of appropriate infection control practices in a prosthodontic clinic in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
This cross-sectional study included 460 dental students and dentists recruited from five centers. Data were collected by self-administered questionnaires> composed of 25 questions. The questionnaires> assessed infection control practices in prosthodontic clinics, including wearable barriers, disinfection measures among patients, disinfection of laboratory submissions, and proper infection control. Other questions assessed sources of knowledge, self-evaluation of knowledge, implementation, and satisfaction with knowledge application.
Total correct answers for proper practice (16 questions) had a mean of 12.5 with a standard deviation of 2.8. The most commonly practiced procedure was wearing a mask (99.8%) and the least was sterilizing the facebow before its use by the patient (53.7%). Participants from governmental colleges (m = 13.67, SD = 2.17) had significantly higher scores than participants from private colleges (m = 12.35, SD = 2.9), p <0.001. Only 2.8% had never attended a lecture, and only 13.8% had never had hands-on training for infection control. Despite 49.1% evaluating themselves as having very poor to poor knowledge, 90.7% had fair to very good valuation of their infection control implementations, and 87.6% were satisfied with their knowledge and performance levels.
Dental students and dentists have high levels of adequate infection control practices in the prosthodontic clinic despite the moderate level of their satisfaction with their knowledge.
Keywords: Prosthodontic, Infection control, Saudi Arabia, Practice, Dental students, Dentists.
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* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Dentistry, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia; E-mail: email@example.com