The Open Dentistry Journal

ISSN: 1874-2106 ― Volume 15, 2021

COVID-19 and Infection Control in Dental Clinics; Assessment of Public Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices in Several Regions of Saudi Arabia

Mona Rajeh1, *
1 Department of Dental Public Health and Community Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia



The recent outbreak of the Corona Virus Disease (COVID-19) has affected millions of lives in different countries including the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Due to the characteristics of dental practice settings, there is a high risk of infection transmission between patients and dentists.


The aim of this study was to assess the level of public knowledge, attitude and practice regarding COVID-19 and infection control when visiting a dentist.


In April 2020, a web-based cross-sectional survey was distributed randomly among the public through social media platforms. A validated anonymous questionnaire was used to assess knowledge about COVID-19 and participants’ attitudes toward extra measures to prevent the spread of infection.


Among the completed questionnaires (N=521), the mean age of the participants was 36.24 years, 68.3% were women, 87.5% held a university degree, and 81% were from the Makkah region. Most of the participants (99%) obtained a good knowledge score regarding COVID-19. Women were more likely than men to have more knowledge (p<0.05). Nearly all of the participants (99.6%) demonstrated good attitudes towards precautionary measures in dental clinics.

Spearman’s rho test showed a statistically significant correlation between age and attitude score, suggesting that attitude score increased with age (p<0.05). Overall, 73.3% reported that they would maintain good hygiene practices when visiting a dentist during this pandemic.


Most Saudi residents with a high education level are knowledgeable about COVID-19, hold promising attitudes, and have appropriate practices towards precautionary measures needed while visiting a dental clinic during the virus outbreak.

Keywords: Knowledge, Attitude, Practice, COVID-19, Dentistry, Infection control.

Article Information

Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2020
Volume: 14
First Page: 489
Last Page: 497
Publisher Id: TODENTJ-14-489
DOI: 10.2174/1874210602014010489

Article History:

Received Date: 22/5/2020
Revision Received Date: 2/8/2020
Acceptance Date: 6/8/2020
Electronic publication date: 23/10/2020
Collection year: 2020

© 2020 Mona Rajeh.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at Department of Dental Public Health and Community Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia, Email:

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