The Open Dentistry Journal

ISSN: 1874-2106 ― Volume 12, 2018

A Review of Early Displaced Maxillary Canines: Etiology, Diagnosis and Interceptive Treatment

George Litsas1, *, Ahu Acar2
1 Orthodontist 2, Venizelou Str., 50100 Kozani, Greece
2 Faculty of Dentistry, Marmara University, Istanbul Turkey


Impaction of maxillary canines is a frequently encountered clinical problem the treatment of which usually requires an interdisciplinary approach. Surgical exposure of the impacted tooth and the complex orthodontic mechanisms that are applied to align the tooth into the arch may lead to varying amounts of damage to the supporting structures of the tooth, not to mention the long treatment duration and the financial burden to the patient. Hence, it seems worthwhile to focus on the means of early diagnosis and interception of this clinical situation. In the present article, theories related with the etiology of impacted canines and predictive variables of canine impaction in the mixed dentition are reviewed with an insight into current interceptive treatment modalities.

Key Words: Early displaced canines, etiology, diagnosis, prevention.

Article Information

Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2011
Volume: 5
First Page: 39
Last Page: 47
Publisher Id: TODENTJ-5-39
DOI: 10.2174/1874210601105010039

Article History:

Received Date: 13/8/2010
Revision Received Date: 15/11/2010
Acceptance Date: 4/1/2011
Electronic publication date: 16/3/2011
Collection year: 2011

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© Litsas and Acar; Licensee Bentham Open.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial ( which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Orthodontist 2, Venizelou Str., 50100 Kozani, Greece; Tel: 00306944590196; Fax: 00302462024228; E-mail:


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