The Open Dentistry Journal

ISSN: 1874-2106 ― Volume 14, 2020

The Use of Instruments by Iranian Endodontics and General Practioners

Farokh Gisour Elham1, *, Zarmehi Sedigheh2
1 Kerman Dental Faculty, Peadiatric Department, Kerman, Iran
2 Kerman Dental and Oral Diseases Research Center and Kerman Dental Faculty, Iran



The current clinical practice of endodontics involves utilization of a variety of new technological advances and materials. Technologies available for use in endodontic offices today include battery or electric motors using NiTi rotary file systems, new generation of electronic apex locators (EALs), improved digital radiographic sensors, surgical microscopes, and ultrasonic units. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and use of newer technologies among Iranian dental practitioners.

Materials and methods:

The population under study included the dental practitioners participating in the 49th and 50th Congress of Dentistry, who were selected with a simple sampling method. Data was collected by questionnaires which were completed by the participants in an anonymous manner. The contingency table and chi-squared test were used for data analysis by SPSS 13.5 software.


A total of 700 dental practitioners participated in the study; NiTi rotary systems were used by 50.1%; electronic apex locators were often employed by 46.3%; 21.7% reported that ultrasonic units were often used. Only 1.1% frequently used surgical microscopes. Males and females differed with respect to the use of newer technologies (P<0.05).


Based on the results of the present study, it seems necessary for dentists to take part in continuing dental education programs related to the newer technologies to improve their knowledge and practice.

Keywords: Newer technologies, NiTi File, Endodontic.

Article Information

Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2012
Volume: 6
First Page: 105
Last Page: 110
Publisher Id: TODENTJ-6-105
DOI: 10.2174/1874210601206010105

Article History:

Received Date: 12/3/2012
Revision Received Date: 22/4/2012
Acceptance Date: 23/4/2012
Electronic publication date: 14/6/2012
Collection year: 2012

Article Metrics:

CrossRef Citations:

Total Statistics:

Full-Text HTML Views: 2001
Abstract HTML Views: 1197
PDF Downloads: 319
Total Views/Downloads: 3517

Unique Statistics:

Full-Text HTML Views: 730
Abstract HTML Views: 663
PDF Downloads: 204
Total Views/Downloads: 1597
Geographical View

© Elham and Sedigheh; Licensee Bentham Open.

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Kerman Dental Faculty, Peadiatric Department, Kerman, Iran; Tel: 00989151689178; Fax:00983412118073; Emails:


"Thank you for your magnificent and marvelous support throughout the publication stages. I would like to endorse my experience with you as a Junior Researcher and a recent graduate of the Dental school. Once again Thank you for your Great Help and Guidance throughout the stages of Publication. You guys are a great team and I am proud to be a Young Bentham author."

Asra Sabir Hussain
The University of Edinburgh Business School, UK

"My experience with Bentham Open was a valuable one because the quality of the services and analysis of my paper contributed in improving what we intended to convey to the readers."

José Ricardo Kina
Department of Surgery and Integrated Clinic,
Araçatuba School of Dentistry, São Paulo State University

"The Publication Manager was very cooperative and replied my mails and guided me without any delays; however the reviewing process was too long."

Mahtab Memarpour
Prevention of Oral and Dental Disease Research Center,
Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry,
Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz,

Browse Contents

Webmaster Contact:
Copyright © 2019 Bentham Open