The Open Dentistry Journal

ISSN: 1874-2106 ― Volume 14, 2020

Congenitally Missing Maxillary Lateral Incisors: Functional and Periodontal Aspects in Patients Treated with Implants or Space Closure and Tooth Re-Contouring

Luciana Manzotti De Marchi a, Núbia Inocencya Pavesi Pini b, Roberto Massayuki Hayacibara c, Rafael Santos Silva d, Renata Corrêa Pascotto e, *
a Department of Dentistry, University Center of Maringá-CESUMAR, Maringá-PR/ Brazil
b Restorative Dentistry, State University of Campinas, Campinas-SP/Brazil
c Area of Periodontology, Department of Dentistry, State University of Maringá, Maringá-PR/ Brazil
d Area of Prosthodontics, Department of Dentistry, State University of Maringá, Maringá-PR/ Brazil
e Area of Dentistry, Department of Dentistry, State University of Maringá, Maringá-PR/ Brazil


To evaluate functional and periodontal aspects in patients with unilateral or bilateral congenitally missing maxillary lateral incisors, treated with either implants or space closure and tooth re-contouring. The sample consisted of 68 volunteers, divided into 3 groups: SCR - space closure and tooth re-contouring with composite resin (n = 26); SOI – implants placed in the area of agenesis (n = 20); and CG - control group (n = 22). A modified Helkimo questionnaire and the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders were used by a single, previously calibrated evaluator to assess signs and symptoms of temporomandibular joint disorder. The periodontal assessment involved the following aspects: plaque index, bleeding upon probing, pocket depth greater than 3 mm, gingival recession, abfraction, periodontal biotype and papilla index. The data were analyzed using Fisher's exact test and the nonparametric Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis tests (α=.05). No differences in periodontal status were found between treatments. None of the groups were associated with signs and symptoms of temporomandibular joint disorder. Both treatment alternatives for patients with congenitally missing maxillary lateral incisors were satisfactory and achieved functional and periodontal results similar to those of the control group.

Keywords: Dental agenesis, Dental implants, Composite resin, Orthodontic treatment.

Article Information

Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2012
Volume: 6
First Page: 248
Last Page: 254
Publisher Id: TODENTJ-6-248
DOI: 10.2174/1874210601206010248

Article History:

Received Date: 26/7/2012
Revision Received Date: 15/10/2012
Acceptance Date: 6/11/2012
Electronic publication date: 28/12/2012
Collection year: 2012

© De Marchi et al.; Licensee Bentham Open.

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Area of Dentistry, Department of Dentistry, State University of Maringá, Maringá-PR/ Brazil; Tel: 55443011-9051; Fax: 55 44 3011-9052; E-mail:

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