The Open Dentistry Journal

ISSN: 1874-2106 ― Volume 14, 2020

A Classification Proposal for Peri-Implant Mucositis and Peri-Implantitis: A Critical Update

Javier Ata-Ali1, *, Fadi Ata-Ali2, Leticia Bagan3
1 Public Dental Health Service, Arnau de Vilanova Hospital, European University of Valencia, Spain
2 Valencia University Medical and Dental School, Spain
3 Department of Oral Medicine, Valencia University Medical and Dental School, Spain


Definitions of peri-implant mucositis and peri-implantitis vary in the literature, and no clear criteria have been established for the diagnosis and treatment of such disorders. This study proposes a classification for peri-implant mucositis and peri-implantitis based on the severity of the disease, using a combination of peri-implant clinical and radiological parameters to classify severity into several stages (Stage 0A and 0B = peri-implant mucositis, and Stage I to IV = periimplantitis). Following a review of the literature on the subject and justification of the proposed peri-implant disease classification, the latter aims to facilitate professional communication and data collection for research and community health studies.

Keywords:: Classification, dental implant, disease, peri-implant mucositis, peri-implantitis, peri-implant.

Article Information

Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2015
Volume: 9
First Page: 393
Last Page: 395
Publisher Id: TODENTJ-9-393
DOI: 10.2174/1874210601509010393

Article History:

Received Date: 30/7/2015
Revision Received Date: 31/8/2015
Acceptance Date: 8/10/2015
Electronic publication date: 11/12/2015
Collection year: 2015

© Ata-Ali et al.; Licensee Bentham Open.

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the (, which permits unrestricted, noncommercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Public Dental Health Service. Arnau de Vilanova Hospital, c/ San Clemente 12, 46015-Valencia (Spain); Tel: +0034963868501; E-mail:

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