Piezosurgery in Bone Augmentation Procedures Previous to Dental Implant Surgery: A Review of the Literature
Gabriel Leonardo Magrin, Eder Alberto Sigua-Rodriguez*, Douglas Rangel Goulart, Luciana Asprino
Piracicaba Dental School, State University of Campinas, Piracicaba, Brazil
The piezosurgery has been used with increasing frequency and applicability by health professionals, especially
those who deal with dental implants. The concept of piezoelectricity has emerged in the nineteenth century, but it was applied
in oral surgery from 1988 by Tomaso Vercellotti. It consists of an ultrasonic device able to cut mineralized bone tissue,
without injuring the adjacent soft tissue. It also has several advantages when compared to conventional techniques
with drills and saws, such as the production of a precise, clean and low bleed bone cut that shows positive biological results.
In dental implants surgery, it has been used for maxillary sinus lifting, removal of bone blocks, distraction osteogenesis,
lateralization of the inferior alveolar nerve, split crest of alveolar ridge and even for dental implants placement.
The purpose of this paper is to discuss the use of piezosurgery in bone augmentation procedures used previously to dental
open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode), which permits unrestricted, noncommercial
use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
* Address correspondence to this author at the Piracicaba Dental School,
Department of Oral Diagnosis. P.O. Box 52, State University of Campinas –
UNICAMP. Piracicaba, São Paulo – Brazil; Tel: (55) 19- 2106 5325;