The Open Dentistry Journal




ISSN: 1874-2106 ― Volume 13, 2019

Root Surface Bio-modification with Erbium Lasers- A Myth or a Reality??



Vamsi Lavu, Subramoniam Sundaram, Ram Sabarish , Suresh Ranga Rao*
Department of Periodontics, Faculty of Dental Sciences, Sri Ramachandra University, Porur, Tamil Nadu, Chennai, India

Abstract

The objective of this literature review was to critically review the evidence available in the literature regarding the expediency of erbium family of lasers for root bio modification as a part of periodontal therapy. The literature search was performed on the Pubmed using MeSH words such as "lasers/therapeutic use, scaling, dental calculus, tooth root/anatomy and histology, ultrasonic therapy". The studies were screened and were grouped as follows: those evaluating a) efficacy for calculus removal with the Erbium family of laser b) root surface changes following Er YAG and Er Cr YSGG application c) comparative studies of the Er YAG, Er Cr YSGG lasers versus conventional methods of root surface modification d) Bio compatibility of root surface following Erbium laser treatment e) Studies on the combined efficacy of laser root modification with conventional methods towards root surface bio-modification f) Studies on effectiveness of root surface bio-modification prior to root coverage procedures. In conclusion, the erbium family has a proven anti-bacterial action, predictable calculus removal, minimal root substance removal, and appears to favor cell attachment. The Erbium family of lasers appears to be a useful adjunct for the management of periodontal disease.

Keywords: Cementum, dental calculus, Er-YAG lasers, non-surgical therapy, periodontitis, root bio-modification.


Article Information


Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2015
Volume: 9
First Page: 79
Last Page: 86
Publisher Id: TODENTJ-9-79
DOI: 10.2174/1874210601509010079

Article History:

Received Date: 18/11/2014
Revision Received Date: 3/12/2014
Acceptance Date: 10/12/2014
Electronic publication date: 10 /2/2015
Collection year: 2015

Article Metrics:

CrossRef Citations:
0

Total Statistics:

Full-Text HTML Views: 1647
Abstract HTML Views: 1155
PDF Downloads: 351
Total Views/Downloads: 3153

Unique Statistics:

Full-Text HTML Views: 968
Abstract HTML Views: 716
PDF Downloads: 247
Total Views/Downloads: 1931
Geographical View

© Lavu et al.; Licensee Bentham Open.

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.


* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Periodontics, Faculty of Dental Sciences, Sri Ramachandra University, No.1 Ramachandra Nagar, Porur, Chennai – 600116, Tamil Nadu, India; Tel: +91-44-2476-8027, Extn: 8256; E-mail: chennaidentist@gmail.com


Endorsements



"Thank you for your magnificent and marvelous support throughout the publication stages. I would like to endorse my experience with you as a Junior Researcher and a recent graduate of the Dental school. Once again Thank you for your Great Help and Guidance throughout the stages of Publication. You guys are a great team and I am proud to be a Young Bentham author."


Asra Sabir Hussain
The University of Edinburgh Business School, UK

"My experience with Bentham Open was a valuable one because the quality of the services and analysis of my paper contributed in improving what we intended to convey to the readers."


José Ricardo Kina
Department of Surgery and Integrated Clinic,
Araçatuba School of Dentistry, São Paulo State University
Brazil

"The Publication Manager was very cooperative and replied my mails and guided me without any delays; however the reviewing process was too long."


Mahtab Memarpour
Prevention of Oral and Dental Disease Research Center,
Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry,
Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz,
Iran


Browse Contents



Webmaster Contact: info@benthamopen.net
Copyright © 2019 Bentham Open