Influence of Footwear on Gait Characteristics that are Associated With Increased Fall Risk in Older Persons
Tischa JM van der Cammen1, 2, 3, Carolyn Shanty Sterke4, 5, Alen Halilovic1, Johan Molenbroek1, *
1 Faculty of Industrial Design Engineering, Department of Industrial Design, Delft University of Technology, Landbergstraat 15, 2628 CE Delft, The Netherlands
2 Department of Internal Medicine, Section of Geriatric Medicine, Erasmus University Medical Center, P.O. Box 2040, 3000 CA Rotterdam, The Netherlands
3 Department of Medicine, Brighton and Sussex Medical School, Brighton, UK
4 Aafje Nursing Homes, PO BOX 9293, 3007 AG Rotterdam, The Netherlands
5 Department of Public Health, Erasmus University Medical Center, P.O. Box 2040, 3000 CA Rotterdam, The Netherlands
To investigate the influence of three different types of shoe models frequently worn at home, including an open heel shoe model, on gait parameters that are associated with fall risk in older persons.
Twenty-five community-dwelling independent older persons were asked to walk on an electronic walkway system, the GAITRite® walkway, while wearing three different shoe models which are frequently worn at home. We measured spatial and temporal gait parameters.
Gait velocity and stride length were significantly reduced, and step time, stance, and double support time were significantly increased, when older persons wore an open heel shoe model compared to the high collar shoe models.
Wearing an open heel shoe model is associated with gait parameters that are associated with fall risk, compared with a high collar shoe model, in community-dwelling older persons. With regard to falls prevention, further attention for footwear in older persons seems warranted, especially for footwear worn in and around the home.
Keywords: Electronic walkway, Footwear, Fall risk, Gait parameters, Older persons.
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* Address correspondence to this author at the at the Faculty of Industrial Design Engineering, Department of Industrial Design, Delft University of Technology, Landbergstraat 15, 2628 CE Delft, The Netherlands; Tel: +31152783021; Fax: +31152787179; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org