The Open Infectious Diseases Journal




ISSN: 1874-2793 ― Volume 11, 2019
RESEARCH ARTICLE

Type of Treatment Supporters in Successful Completion of Tuberculosis Treatment: A Retrospective Cohort Study in Pakistan



Sana Hussain1, *, Jamshed Hasnain2, Zareen Hussain3, Masroor Badshah4, Hafeez Siddique2, Christina Fiske5, April Pettit5
1 Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Institute of Science and Technology, (SZABIST), Karachi, Pakistan
2 Bridge Consultants Foundation, Karachi, Pakistan
3 Ziauddin University, Karachi, Pakistan
4 Northwest School of Medicine, Peshawar, Pakistan
5 Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA

Abstract

Background:

The World Health Organization has recommended a patient-centered approach to tuberculosis drug administration. A central element of the patient-centered strategy is the use of treatment supporters to evaluate and elevate adherence to the treatment regimen and to address poor adherence when it occurs. This study was led to determine the part of various treatment supporters in the successful completion of treatment.

Method:

This study was conducted in two locales of Sindh, Hyderabad and Mirpurkhas. Information gathered included age, gender, regions, sort of treatment supporters (relatives, community and health facility workers) and treatment outcomes.

Results:

Of the 773 patients incorporated into the study, 86.8% picked a family supporter, 7.63% selected community worker and 5.56% chose health facility worker as their treatment supporter. Women and younger patients were more likely to prefer that family members supervise their treatment. Treatment achievement rates among the patients regulated by the three kinds of treatment supporters, were not altogether unique in relation to each other (p=0.23 Chi square).

Conclusion::

The study demonstrates that TB patients ought to be urged to pick the supporter of their inclination as selection of treatment supporter outside the health system does not adversely affect TB treatment outcomes in limited resource settings.

Keywords: Sindh, Treatment outcome, TB, Family member, TB DOTs, Treatment Supporters.


Article Information


Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2018
Volume: 10
First Page: 37
Last Page: 42
Publisher Id: TOIDJ-10-37
DOI: 10.2174/1874279301810010037

Article History:

Received Date: 14/1/2018
Revision Received Date: 16/4/2018
Acceptance Date: 2/5/2018
Electronic publication date: 18/5/2018
Collection year: 2018

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© 2018 Hussain et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


* Address correspondence to this author at the Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Institute of Science and Technology, (SZABIST), Karachi, Pakistan, Tel: 0332-2500990; E-mail: sanpsychologist@gmail.com



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