Cadmium Removal from Aqueous Solutions by Strain of Pantoea agglomerans UCP1320 Isolated from Laundry Effluent
Leonila. M. L. Acioly1, 5, Davi Cavalcanti1, 5, Marcos C. Luna2, 5, José C. V. Júnior3, 5, Rosileide F. S. Andrade4, 5, Thayse A. de Lima e Silva4, 5, Camilo E. La Rotta5, Galba M. Campos-Takaki5, *
1 Post Graduate Program in Biological Sciences, Federal University of Pernambuco, 50670-420, Recife, PE, Brazil
2 Northeast Network for Biotechnology-RENORBIO, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, 52171-900 Recife-PE, Brazil
3 Autarchy of Higher Education of Garanhuns (AESGA), 55295-380 Garanhuns, Pernambuco, Brazil
4 National Post-Doctorate Program (PNPD)-CAPES, Catholic University of Pernambuco, 50050-900, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil
5 Nucleus of Research in Environmental Sciences and Biotechnology, Catholic University of Pernambuco, 50050-590, Recife, PE, Brazil
Cadmium (Cd), which is a deadly heavy metal of work-related and environmental concern, has been recognized as a substance that is teratogenic and carcinogenic for humans. Therefore, the need to develop low-cost adsorbents to remove heavy metals from aqueous solution has greatly increased. Adsorbents such as Pantoea agglomerans biomass have been used.
We investigated the biotechnological potential of Pantoea agglomerans for the biosorption of cadmium from aqueous solution.
Patients and Methods:
Pantoea agglomerans UCP1320 isolated from the effluent of a laundry industry was used to remove cadmium from aqueous solutions. Two approaches were compared using active or thermally inactivated biomass. Three different cadmium concentrations of 1, 10 and 100 ppm were used under constant stirring at temperatures of 25°C and 35°C as was pH of 3.0, 5.0 and 7.0. Variable incubation times of 1, 6, and 24h were also studied.
The results showed that the temperature did not influence the uptake of metal by living cells nor by inactive bacterial biomass. However, increasing the pH had a positive effect on removing intermediate concentrations of cadmium. Low concentrations of cadmium were completely removed by both live and inactive biomass.
Pantoea agglomerans biomass was shown to have a promising performance for the biotechnological removal of cadmium which had been dissolved in aqueous solution.
Keywords: Pantoea agglomerans, Pollution, Heavy metal, Biosorption, Absorption isotherms, Pollutants.
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