Staphylococcus aureus is a leading cause of food poisoning resulting from the consumption of contaminated food with staphylococcal enterotoxins. Raw meat is a good medium for the survival and spread of drug-resistant S. aureus.
To look for the prevalence of drug-resistant S. aureus in Addis Ababa abattoir enterprise.
Material & Methods:
A cross-sectional study was conducted from November 2013 to April 2014 in Addis Ababa abattoir enterprise. A total of 185 swab samples were collected from the carcasses of sheep, goat and slaughtering materials such as worker cloths, vehicles, knives and hands. Isolation and identification of S. aureus were conducted using the conventional culture methods and signatory tests. Antimicrobial sensitivity was conducted using standard methods.
The overall prevalence rate for S. aureus in the present study was 33%. The higher prevalence rates of S. aureus were recorded from sheep carcasses 36%, followed by 30% from the environment and 16% from goat carcasses. The variation in the prevalence of S. aureus between the carcasses and environment was not statically significant (p > 0.05). More than 90% of S. aureus strains were sensitive for vancomycin, chloramphenicol, gentamicin and kanamycin. While 86.9% S. aureus strains were resistant for penicillin G 80.3% resistant for ampicillin, 63.9% resistant for ceftriaxone, 62.3% resistant for oxacilin, and 62.3% resistant for cefoxitin respectively.
The present study indicated that the quality of slaughtered sheep carcasses was more contaminated by S. aureus as compared to goat carcasses, during slaughtering, processing, handling and transportation. The presence of MDR strain in the carcasses demonstrates that there is a growing need to control antimicrobial resistance in sheep and goat carcasses.
Keywords: Abattoir, Antimicrobial, Carcasses, Enterotoxin, Sensitivity, S. aureus.
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