The Open Nursing Journal




ISSN: 1874-4346 ― Volume 13, 2019
RESEARCH ARTICLE

What Causes Health Promotion Behaviors in College Students?



Mi Young Kim1, Yu Jeong Kim2, *
1 Departnment College of Nursing, Eulji University, Seongnam, South Korea
2 Department of Nursing, Hoseo University, Asan, South Korea

Abstract

Background:

College students are exposed to an environment that places their health at risk. As a result, they are vulnerable to health-related problems. In order to improve health promotion behaviors, it is necessary to identify the variables affecting these behaviors. However, few studies have comprehensively examined health consciousness, health perception, and self-esteem as variables in health promotion behaviors among college students.

Objective:

The purpose of this study is to identify the factors influencing health promotion behaviors in college students.

Method:

Data were collected from 331 students, using a structured questionnaire based on the Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile (health promotion behaviors), Dutta-Bergman’s Health Consciousness Scale (health consciousness), the Health Perception Questionnaire (health perception), Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem Scale (self-esteem), and sociodemographic data. To assess the factors that influence health promotion behaviors, a multiple regression analysis was performed.

Results:

Health promotion behaviors were higher when health cognition was higher (r=.421, p<.001), health perception was higher (r=.326, p<.001), and self-esteem was higher (r=.526, p<.001). The constructed model for health promotion behaviors showed that the statistically significant explanatory variables were health cognition, health perception, and self-esteem. The model explained 34.9% of the variance in health promotion behaviors.

Conclusion:

It will be necessary to develop an intervention program targeting health cognition, health perception, and self-esteem in order to increase health promotion behaviors in college students.

Keywords: Health Behavior, Health Cognition, Health Perception, Self-Concept, Young Adult.


Article Information


Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2018
Volume: 12
First Page: 106
Last Page: 115
Publisher Id: TONURSJ-12-106
DOI: 10.2174/1874434601812010106

Article History:

Received Date: 20/3/2018
Revision Received Date: 23/05/2018
Acceptance Date: 5/06/2018
Electronic publication date: 29/6/2018
Collection year: 2018

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© 2018 Kim and Kim.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


* Address correspondence to the author at the Department of Nursing, Hoseo University, 79-20, Hoseo-ro, Baebang-eup, Asan-si, Korea; Tel: 82-10-6311-5383; E-mail: yujeong@hoseo.edu



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