The Open Ophthalmology Journal

ISSN: 1874-3641 ― Volume 14, 2020

Outcomes of Descemet Membrane Endothelial Keratoplasty (DMEK) Using Surgeon’s Prepared Donor DM-Roll in Consecutive 100 Indian Eyes

Samar K Basak*, Soham Basak, Viraj R Pradhan
Cornea Department, Disha Eye Hospitals, Kolkata - 700120, India



Descemet Membrane Endothelial Keratoplasty (DMEK) is now becoming the popular form of endothelial keratoplasty using only donor DM with healthy endothelium as true component lamellar corneal surgery.


To analyze the results of visual outcomes, endothelial cell loss and complications of Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty in first consecutive 100 Indian eyes.


100 eyes of 95 consecutive patients with endothelial dysfunctions of different etiologies scheduled for DMEK, were included in this study. In each case, surgeon prepared tissue using McCarey Kaufman medium- or Cornisol-preserved donor cornea with a cell count of ≥2500 cells/mm2. Surgical complications, Best Spectacle Corrected Visual Acuity (BSCVA); Endothelial Cell Density (ECD) and Endothelial Cell Loss (ECL) were analyzed for each patient after a minimum follow-up of three months.


The Main indication was pseudophakic corneal edema or bullous keratopathy in 52 (52%) eyes. 38 (38%) eyes had Fuchs′ dystrophy with various grades of cataract. In 43 phakic eyes, DMEK was combined with cataract surgery and intraocular lens implantation. Mean DM-roll preparation time was 7.5 ± 2.8 min and in 3 eyes, DM-graft were damaged. After 3-months, BSCVA was ≥20/25 in 57 (57.6%) cases. Mean ECD was 2123 ± 438/mm2 (range: 976 - 3208/ mm2) and the mean endothelial cell loss after 3-months was 26.92 ± 13.40 (range: 4.90 - 66.6%). Partial DM detachment occurred in 8 (8.0%) eyes and rebubbling required in 4 eyes. Iatrogenic primary graft failure occurred in one eye.


Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty is a safe and effective procedure in several types of endothelial diseases among Indian patients with encouraging surgical and visual outcomes. Complications are less and endothelial cell loss percentage is acceptable.

Keywords: Visual Outcomes, Descemet Membrane Endothelial Keratoplasty, Surgeon’s prepared tissue, MK medium preserved-cornea, Cornisol-preserved cornea, Indian Eyes.

Article Information

Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2018
Volume: 12
Issue: Suppl-1, M2
First Page: 134
Last Page: 142
Publisher Id: TOOPHTJ-12-134
DOI: 10.2174/1874364101812010134

Article History:

Received Date: 05/06/2017
Revision Received Date: 23/08/2017
Acceptance Date: 19/10/2017
Electronic publication date: 23/07/2018
Collection year: 2018

Article Metrics:

CrossRef Citations:

Total Statistics:

Full-Text HTML Views: 1481
Abstract HTML Views: 637
PDF Downloads: 513
ePub Downloads: 621
Total Views/Downloads: 3252

Unique Statistics:

Full-Text HTML Views: 641
Abstract HTML Views: 359
PDF Downloads: 377
ePub Downloads: 265
Total Views/Downloads: 1642
Geographical View

© 2018 Basaket al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: ( This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author Cornea Department, Disha Eye Hospitals, Kolkata - 700120, India; Tel: 0091-3325452575; E-mail:


"Open access will revolutionize 21st century knowledge work and accelerate the diffusion of ideas and evidence that support just in time learning and the evolution of thinking in a number of disciplines."

Daniel Pesut
(Indiana University School of Nursing, USA)

"It is important that students and researchers from all over the world can have easy access to relevant, high-standard and timely scientific information. This is exactly what Open Access Journals provide and this is the reason why I support this endeavor."

Jacques Descotes
(Centre Antipoison-Centre de Pharmacovigilance, France)

"Publishing research articles is the key for future scientific progress. Open Access publishing is therefore of utmost importance for wider dissemination of information, and will help serving the best interest of the scientific community."

Patrice Talaga
(UCB S.A., Belgium)

"Open access journals are a novel concept in the medical literature. They offer accessible information to a wide variety of individuals, including physicians, medical students, clinical investigators, and the general public. They are an outstanding source of medical and scientific information."

Jeffrey M. Weinberg
(St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital Center, USA)

"Open access journals are extremely useful for graduate students, investigators and all other interested persons to read important scientific articles and subscribe scientific journals. Indeed, the research articles span a wide range of area and of high quality. This is specially a must for researchers belonging to institutions with limited library facility and funding to subscribe scientific journals."

Debomoy K. Lahiri
(Indiana University School of Medicine, USA)

"Open access journals represent a major break-through in publishing. They provide easy access to the latest research on a wide variety of issues. Relevant and timely articles are made available in a fraction of the time taken by more conventional publishers. Articles are of uniformly high quality and written by the world's leading authorities."

Robert Looney
(Naval Postgraduate School, USA)

"Open access journals have transformed the way scientific data is published and disseminated: particularly, whilst ensuring a high quality standard and transparency in the editorial process, they have increased the access to the scientific literature by those researchers that have limited library support or that are working on small budgets."

Richard Reithinger
(Westat, USA)

"Not only do open access journals greatly improve the access to high quality information for scientists in the developing world, it also provides extra exposure for our papers."

J. Ferwerda
(University of Oxford, UK)

"Open Access 'Chemistry' Journals allow the dissemination of knowledge at your finger tips without paying for the scientific content."

Sean L. Kitson
(Almac Sciences, Northern Ireland)

"In principle, all scientific journals should have open access, as should be science itself. Open access journals are very helpful for students, researchers and the general public including people from institutions which do not have library or cannot afford to subscribe scientific journals. The articles are high standard and cover a wide area."

Hubert Wolterbeek
(Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands)

"The widest possible diffusion of information is critical for the advancement of science. In this perspective, open access journals are instrumental in fostering researches and achievements."

Alessandro Laviano
(Sapienza - University of Rome, Italy)

"Open access journals are very useful for all scientists as they can have quick information in the different fields of science."

Philippe Hernigou
(Paris University, France)

"There are many scientists who can not afford the rather expensive subscriptions to scientific journals. Open access journals offer a good alternative for free access to good quality scientific information."

Fidel Toldrá
(Instituto de Agroquimica y Tecnologia de Alimentos, Spain)

"Open access journals have become a fundamental tool for students, researchers, patients and the general public. Many people from institutions which do not have library or cannot afford to subscribe scientific journals benefit of them on a daily basis. The articles are among the best and cover most scientific areas."

M. Bendandi
(University Clinic of Navarre, Spain)

"These journals provide researchers with a platform for rapid, open access scientific communication. The articles are of high quality and broad scope."

Peter Chiba
(University of Vienna, Austria)

"Open access journals are probably one of the most important contributions to promote and diffuse science worldwide."

Jaime Sampaio
(University of Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Portugal)

"Open access journals make up a new and rather revolutionary way to scientific publication. This option opens several quite interesting possibilities to disseminate openly and freely new knowledge and even to facilitate interpersonal communication among scientists."

Eduardo A. Castro
(INIFTA, Argentina)

"Open access journals are freely available online throughout the world, for you to read, download, copy, distribute, and use. The articles published in the open access journals are high quality and cover a wide range of fields."

Kenji Hashimoto
(Chiba University, Japan)

"Open Access journals offer an innovative and efficient way of publication for academics and professionals in a wide range of disciplines. The papers published are of high quality after rigorous peer review and they are Indexed in: major international databases. I read Open Access journals to keep abreast of the recent development in my field of study."

Daniel Shek
(Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong)

"It is a modern trend for publishers to establish open access journals. Researchers, faculty members, and students will be greatly benefited by the new journals of Bentham Science Publishers Ltd. in this category."

Jih Ru Hwu
(National Central University, Taiwan)

Browse Contents

Webmaster Contact:
Copyright © 2019 Bentham Open