Minimal Increase in Total Hip Arthroplasty Surgical Procedural Time with the Use of a Novel Surgical Navigation Tool
Alexander Christ1, Danielle Ponzio1, Michael Pitta1, Kaitlin Carroll1, Jeffrey M. Muir2, *, Peter K. Sculco1
1 Division of Adult Reconstruction and Joint Replacement, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Hospital for Special Surgery, 535 East 70th Street, New York, NY, 10021, USA
2 Intellijoint Surgical, 60 Bathurst St., Suite 6, Waterloo, ON, N2V 2A9, Canada
Computer-assisted navigation has proven effective at improving the accuracy of component placement during Total Hip Arthroplasty (THA); however, the material costs, line-of-site issues and potential for significant time increases have limited their widespread use.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of an imageless navigation device on surgical time, when compared with standard mechanical guides.
We retrospectively reviewed prospectively collected data from 61 consecutive primary unilateral THA cases (posterior approach) performed by a single surgeon. Procedural time (incision to closure) for THA performed with (intervention) or without (control) a computer-assisted navigation system was compared. In the intervention group, the additional time associated with the use of the device was recorded. Mean times were compared using independent samples t-tests with statistical significance set a priori at p<0.05.
There was no statistically significant difference between procedural time in the intervention and control groups (102.3±28.3 mins vs. 99.1±14.7 mins, p=0.60). The installation and use of the navigation device accounted for an average of 2.9 mins (SD: 1.6) per procedure, of which device-related setup performed prior to skin incision accounted for 1.1 mins (SD: 1.1) and intra-operative tasks accounted for 1.6 mins (SD: 1.2).
In this series of 61 consecutive THAs performed by a single surgeon, the set-up and hands-on utilization of a novel surgical navigation tool required an additional 2.9 minutes per case. We suggest that the intraoperative benefits of this novel computer-assisted navigation platform outweigh the minimal operative time spent using this technology.
Keywords: Total hip arthroplasty, Computer-assisted navigation, Procedural time.
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* Address correspondence to this author at the Intellijoint Surgical, 60 Bathurst St., Suite 6, Waterloo, ON N2V 2A9, Canada, Tel: 519-342-3178; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org