Clinic of Spinal Surgery, Löt, 64594 Strängnäs, Sweden
Results following fusion for chronic low back pain (CLBP) are unpredictable and generally not very satisfying.
The major reason is the absence of a detailed description of the symptoms of patients with pain, if present, in a motion
segment of the spine. Various radiological findings have been attributed to discogenic pain, but if these radiological signs
were really true signs of such pain, fusion would have been very successful. If discogenic pain exists, it should be possible
to select these patients from all others within the CLBP population. Even if this selection were 100% perfect, however,
identification of the painful segment would remain, and at present there is no reliable test for doing so. Regardless of
whether an anterior or posterior type of fusion is performed, or even if artificial discs are used, solving the puzzle of pain
associated with the presumed segmental disorder must be the primary goal.
open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
* Address correspondence to this author at the Clinic of Spinal Surgery, Löt, 64594 Strängnäs, Sweden; Tel: +46 152 26300; Fax: +46 152 26370; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org