Department of Neurology, Siloam Hospital Lippo Villagen, Jalan Boulevard Jendral Sudirman, Tangerang 15811, Indonesia
Sacroiliac joint pain has been one of the most common causes of lower back pain, regardless of gender. Diminished pain after an anaesthetic block has been the only gold standard diagnostic procedure, making the diagnosis become challenging due to the needs of fluoroscopic procedure. Thus, a study to find predisposing factors of sacroiliac joint pain is pivotal for primary prevention and prognosis predictor.
Our study aims to find predisposing factors of sacroiliac joint pain in Indonesian patients.
We conducted a prospective study on patients with a chief complaint of lower back pain whose pain diminished after anaesthetic block.
We found 99 subjects, with a male to female ratio of 1:2.19, aged from 21 to 75 years old (mean: 42.88). In addition to multiparous pregnancy and obesity, office-based occupation and prolonged sitting duration are also becoming major predisposing factors of sacroiliac joint pain (50.5% and 51.51% respectively). We also found majority of the patients with a history of vertical trauma with the onset of pain 1 year post trauma.
We found some factors that can be considered to trigger sacroiliac joint pain that are: female gender, advancing age, pregnancy history, long sitting duration and office worker occupation.
Keywords: Indonesia, Low back pain, Predisposing factors, Sacroiliac joint pain, Multiparous pregnancy, Vertical trauma.
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* Address correspondence to this author at Department of Neurology, Siloam Hospital Lippo Villagen, Jalan Boulevard Jendral Sudirman, Tangerang 15811, Indonesia; Tel: +6221 0815 8627 0028; E-mail: email@example.com