The Open Public Health Journal

ISSN: 1874-9445 ― Volume 12, 2019

Maternal Risk Factors Associated with Low Birth Weight in Indonesia

Issara Siramaneerat1, *, Farid Agushybana2, Yaowaluck Meebunmak3
1 Department of Social Science, Faculty of Liberal Art, Rajamangala University of Technology, Thanyaburi, Thailand
2 Department of Biostatistics and Population Study, Faculty of Public Health, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia
3 Boromrajonani College of Nursing Ratchaburi, Ministry of Public Health, Na Muang, Thailand



Low birth weight (LBW) is a major risk factor for death and disease in the fetus and newborn infant. However, the study about LBW and maternal risk factors involved in Indonesia is still limited.


The present study attempted to examine the association of maternal risk factors including mother’s age, mother and husband education, mother and husband occupation and wealth, ANC visit, desired pregnancy and obstetric complication toward the occurrence of low birth weight infant across region and family wealthy.


This study employed the data from the national survey of Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey (IDHS). The latest births from married women who gave birth within 2 years (2011 and 2012) preceding the IDHS were considered as sample selection. It was approximately 15,126 respondents. The predicted risks of low birth weight were estimated using multilevel logistic analysis.


Data were collected on 15,126 pregnant women who reported 10.2% were with LBW infants. When using the multilevel logistic analysis, the factors associated with LBW were maternal delivery-baby age, mother’s education, antenatal care and pregnancy complication at significant levels of 0.01.


The prevalence of preterm infants in this study was quite high. Factors affecting LBW were maternal age, maternal education, ANC visits and pregnancy complication. The ANC visit of pregnant women is a potential and feasible activity to reduce the incidence of LBW.

Keywords: Low birth weight, Infant, Maternal health, Maternal risk factors, Indonesia, Fetus.

Article Information

Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2018
Volume: 11
First Page: 376
Last Page: 383
Publisher Id: TOPHJ-11-376
DOI: 10.2174/1874944501811010376

Article History:

Received Date: 2/6/2018
Revision Received Date: 17/8/2018
Acceptance Date: 20/8/2018
Electronic publication date: 31/08/2018
Collection year: 2018

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© 2018 Siramaneerat and Agushybana.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to the author at the Department of Social Science, Faculty of Liberal Art, Rajamangala University of Technology, Moo 1, Rangsit-Nakhonnayok Rd. (Klong6), Thanyaburi Pathum Thani 12110, Thailand; Tel: +66 2549 4960-1; Fax: +66 2577 5017; E-mails:,


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