The Open Public Health Journal

ISSN: 1874-9445 ― Volume 12, 2019

Assessment of Orthodontic Treatment Need in Kosovar Children

Albena Reshitaj1, *, Krenar Reshitaj2, Betina Bytyqi2
1 Department of Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Prishtina, Prishtina, Kosova
2 Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Prishtina, Prishtina, Kosova



To date, no survey was done in Kosovo for the identification of orthodontic treatment needs. The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of orthodontic treatment need among Kosovar children of ages 11-13, using the DAI and the DHC-IOTN in the identification of orthodontic treatment need.


A sample of 185 children (50.3% female, 49.7% male), aged between 11-13, was randomly selected from one elementary school in Prishtina. Orthodontic treatment need was measured using the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI) and the dental health component of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (DHC-IOTN).


Based on DAI, treatment was found as elective in 11.9 percent of the children. Treatment was found as highly desirable and mandatory in 5.9 percent and 4.3 percent of children, respectively. No gender-based significant differences were noted. According to IOTN DHC: 16.2 percent of children had borderline treatment need, while 66.5 percent had severe and extreme treatment need (grades 4 and 5). Again, no significant gender-based differences in the treatment need were found.


High prevalence of orthodontic treatment need was identified in Kosovar children of ages 11-13, while no gender-based statistically significant differences were noted in the need for orthodontic treatment.

Keywords: Orthodontic treatment need, IOTN, DAI, Epidemiology, Orthodontics, Public health.

Article Information

Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2019
Volume: 12
First Page: 321
Last Page: 324
Publisher Id: TOPHJ-12-321
DOI: 10.2174/1874944501912010321

Article History:

Received Date: 19/04/2019
Revision Received Date: 08/07/2019
Acceptance Date: 24/07/2019
Electronic publication date: 30/08/2019
Collection year: 2019

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© 2019 Reshitaj et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to the author at the Department of Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Prishtina, St. Mother Teresa, Kosova;
Tel: +38344311406; E-mail:


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