The Open Public Health Journal

ISSN: 1874-9445 ― Volume 13, 2020

Issues Related to Men Participation Towards Incidence of Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) After The Merapi Eruption 2010 in Indonesia

Hastoro Dwinantoaji1, *, Sakiko Kanbara2, Elsi Dwi Hapsari3, Widyawati Widyawati3
1 Cooperative Doctoral Program for Disaster Nursing, Graduate School of Nursing, University of Kochi, Kochi Prefecture, Japan
2 Graduate School of Nursing, University of Kochi, Kochi Prefecture, Japan
3 Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia



Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) issues often get less priority than other aspects of humanitarian health response in emergencies and disasters. We aimed to explore the men’s perceptions of Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs), men’s involvement, and barriers to STIs prevention among men in the affected area by Merapi eruption 2010.


The study used qualitative content analysis. Data were collected through face-to-face in-depth interviews with 2 participants living with STIs and focus on group discussions with 22 participants who witnessed Merapi eruption 2010 from December 2016 to March 2017 in Sleman District, the Special Region of Yogyakarta Province, Indonesia, including academicians, community leaders and community health workers.


Participants from the disaster site were mostly senior high school graduates aged between 33 and 46 years. Four themes developed from fourteen categories that represented the men’s perceptions of STIs, men’s involvement, and barriers to the STIs prevention among men in the affected area by Merapi eruption 2010, were revealed from the investigation.


Low participation of men in STIs prevention has led to poor SRH outcomes among women. Nurses have a main role in Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) to enhance the awareness and understanding of people in preparedness for future disasters. Thus, it is necessary for nurses and other health professionals involved in DRR to optimize coordination with community leaders, community health volunteers (health cadres), and other stakeholders to prevent the transmission of communicable diseases in the community.

Keywords: Men participation, Merapi eruption 2010, Reproductive health, Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs), Disaster Risk Reduction, Communicable diseases.

Article Information

Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2019
Volume: 12
First Page: 430
Last Page: 438
Publisher Id: TOPHJ-12-430
DOI: 10.2174/1874944501912010430

Article History:

Received Date: 04/06/2019
Revision Received Date: 24/09/2019
Acceptance Date: 15/10/2019
Electronic publication date: 15/11/2019
Collection year: 2019

© 2019 Dwinantoaji et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: ( This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at Cooperative Doctoral Program for Disaster Nursing, Graduate School of Nursing, University of Kochi, 2751-1 Ike, Kochi Prefecture, Japan; Tel: (+81)888478700; E-mail:

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