The Open Public Health Journal

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Reproductive, Lifestyle, and Genetic Risk Factors in Breast Cancer Among Iranian Women- A Cross-sectional Study During the Breast Cancer Screening in a Community in Iran

Katayon Vakilian1, Pegah Mohaghegh2, Fatemeh Mirzaei3, Majid Taheri4, Rita Zahiri5, Nasrin Roozbahani6, *
1 Department of Midwifery, Medical School, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran
2 Department of Community and Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, Arak University of Medical Science, Arak, Iran
3 Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University , Tabriz, Iran
4 Medical Ethics and Law Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5 Statistics and Information Technology Center, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran
6 Department of Health Education, Faculty of Health, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran



Breast cancer is one of the most common malignancies in women. The present study is aimed to investigate the risk factors of this disease among the Iranian women of Arak city.


Breast cancer is one of the most common malignancies in women.


To study the reproductive, lifestyle, and genetic risk factors.


This cross-sectional study was conducted in Arak city. The sampling was conducted in a clustering method in a way that 4 health centers (surveying cancer in the country; October 2018 to March 2019) were investigated. The women willing to fill up the breast cancer risk factors were entered into the research. 1000 women (above 18) were included. After filling the questionnaires, the data were analyzed by SPSS Ver. 21 using descriptive statistics such as percentage and mean values.


4% of the participants (40) had a history of breast cancer among their first-degree relatives. Only 1.9% (19) of the women reported eating fast-food twice a day. 1.7% (16) of the studied women drank alcohol in the last month. 70.3% of the women (691) had children with an average age at first birth of 22.32±4.87. 1.3% (13) of the participants were under hormone-therapy during their menopause, with an average duration of 4±6.87 years.


It seems that the risk factors of breast cancer are not low among Iranian women. Screening tests such as self-examination of the breasts and periodic examinations by the physicians or midwives as well as the mammography protocols are essential

Article Information

Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2020
Volume: 13
First Page: 350
Last Page: 356
Publisher Id: TOPHJ-13-350
DOI: 10.2174/1874944502013010350

Article History:

Received Date: 15/1/2020
Revision Received Date: 27/4/2020
Acceptance Date: 16/5/2020
Electronic publication date: 21/07/2020
Collection year: 2020

© 2020 Vakilian et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Health Education, Faculty of Health, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Mostafa Khomeini street, Healh school, Arak, Iran; Tel: 086-34173505; E-mail:

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