Risk Factors for Intimate Partner Violence and Relationships to Sexual Risk-Related Behaviors Among College Students
Montana Gill1, Regine Haardörfer1, Michael Windle1, Carla J. Berg2, *
1 Department of Behavioral Sciences and Health Education, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
2 Department of Prevention and Community Health, Milken Institute School of Public Health; George Washington Cancer Center, George Washington University, Washington, D.C, USA
Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) is a major public health concern, often initially experienced in young adulthood; IPV has been associated with adverse sexual health and sexual risk outcomes.
This study examined 1) correlates of experiencing Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) and 2) IPV in relation to sexual risk-related behaviors among college students.
We analyzed 2016 cross-sectional survey data regarding sociodemographics, past IPV experiences, and sexual risk-related behaviors (sex after drug/alcohol use, condomless sex) among male and female students aged 18-25 from seven Georgia colleges/universities, respectively.
IPV victimization was associated with being Black, greater depressive symptoms, and substance use. Multivariable regression, including sociodemographic covariates, indicated that alcohol/drug use before the last sex was associated with sexual and physical aggression victimization among men (Nagelkerke R-squared=.155), but with fewer negotiation experiences and more injury experiences among women (Nagelkerke R-squared=.107). Condom less sex at last intercourse was associated with psychological aggression experiences among women (Nagelkerke R-squared=.125), but with no IPV factor among men (Nagelkerke R-squared=.188).
The distinct relationships between IPV and sexual risk among men and women underscore the need for targeted prevention interventions.
Keywords: Young adults, Sexual health, Intimate partner violence, College students, Sexual risk, Psychological aggression, Sexual risk, Psychological aggression.
open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
* Address correspondence to this author at Department of Prevention and Community Health, Milken Institute School of Public Health; George Washington Cancer Center, George Washington University, 800 22nd Street NW, #7000C, Washington, DC 20052; Tel: 404-558-5395; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.