The Open Public Health Journal

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Investigation of Health-Promoting Lifestyle and its Determinants Among Students of Medical Sciences in Iran

Mohammad Amiri1, Ahmad Khosravi2, Niloofar Aboozarzadeh3, Leila Khojasteh4, Zakieh Sadeghi5, Mehdi Raei6, 7, *
1 Department of Public Health, School of Public Health, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, Shahroud, Iran
2 Center for Health Related Social and Behavioral Sciences Research, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, Shahroud, Iran
3 Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
4 Department of Medical Sciences, Shahroud Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shahroud, Iran
5 Department of Analytical Chemistry, Damghan University, Damghan, Iran
6 Health Research Center, Life Style Institute, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
7 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Faculty of Health, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran



A person's lifestyle plays an important role in his health. This study aimed at determining thehealth-promoting lifestyle and its related factors among the medical students of Shahroud Islamic Azad University.


In this cross-sectional study, a total of500 students of medical sciences were selected using the stratified random sampling method and they completed the health-promoting lifestyle, self-efficacy, and well-being questionnaires. The collected data were entered into SPSS 16 and were analyzed with a T-test, Chi-square, Pearson correlation coefficient, and a backward regression model.


The mean age of the students was 22.25±1.45 and 65% of the participants were female. The mean scores of health-promoting lifestyle, well-being, and self-efficacy were 134.1±23.85, 14.41±5.09, and 41.67±8.05, respectively. Among the students, 32.8% had a health disorder and only 2.2% had a high self-efficacy. Well-being and self-efficacy were statistically correlated with the health-promoting lifestyle (p<0.001). The results showed that out of 17 independent variables, only 4 variables of educational level, academic year, marital status, well-being were the best predictors of health-promoting lifestyle.


More than 90% of students had low self-efficacy and more than 30% of them did not have good well-being. Moreover, the health-promoting lifestyle of students was moderate. More attention to the above areas, such as well-being status and applying required interventions, can help to improve the situation.

Keywords: Health, Healthy lifestyle, Self efficacy, Exercise, Students, Medical.

Article Information

Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2020
Volume: 13
First Page: 627
Last Page: 633
Publisher Id: TOPHJ-13-627
DOI: 10.2174/1874944502013010627

Article History:

Received Date: 22/06/2020
Revision Received Date: 01/09/2020
Acceptance Date: 12/09/2020
Electronic publication date: 13/11/2020
Collection year: 2020

© 2020 Amiri et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at Health Research Center, Life Style Institute, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; E-mail:

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