The Open Public Health Journal

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Risk Factors for Gender-Based Violence among Female Students of Gonder Teacher’ Training College, Gonder, Northwest Ethiopia: A Cross-Sectional Study

Mengesha Birkie1, *, Yosef Zenebe1, Gebeyaw Biset2, Moges Gebresellassie3, Setegn Mihret2
1 Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Wollo University, Dessie, Ethiopia
2 Department of Pediatrics and College of Public Health and Medical Sciences, Wollo University, Dessie, Ethiopia
3 Department of Psychology, Institute of Teachers Education and Behavioral Science, Wollo University, Dessie, Ethiopia



Violence against women is the world's most prevalent, pervasive and enduring problem. Sexual violence appears to be particularly great among adolescent girls of Sub-Saharan African countries, including Ethiopia.


A cross-sectional survey was conducted from January to February 2018, and 322 participants were selected via a stratified sampling technique. Data were entered using Epi-data version 3.1 and exported to SPSS version 21 for analysis, then bivariate and multivariate logistic regression was employed to see statistically significant factors.


Lifetime prevalence of Gender-based violence was found to be 35.1% (95% CI: 29.9 - 40.3). Risk factors significantly associated with sexual violence were living alone (AOR = 4.3 95% CI: 1.03, 18.09), having two or more number of sexual partner in life (AOR = 11.5 95% CI: 2.80, 47.16), lack of open discussion between parents and daughters about reproductive health issues (AOR= 5.05 95% CI: 1.37, 18.55), being third year student 9.06(1.96, 41.94), strict parenting style over the girls behavior (AOR = 3.4 (1.04,10.72), alcohol consumption (AOR = 8.3 95% CI: 2.57, 27.00), use of khat (AOR = 11.05 95% CI: 3.53, 34.60), and monthly financial support to the girls from family (AOR= 0.1, 95% CI: (0.03, 0.73).


The prevalence of Gender-based violence among female college students in Gonder town was high. Attention should be paid to the reduction of the prevalence and those risk factors of Gender-based violence.

Keywords: Factors, Gender-based violence, Female students, Ethiopia, Risk factors, Relationships.

Article Information

Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2020
Volume: 13
First Page: 634
Last Page: 642
Publisher Id: TOPHJ-13-634
DOI: 10.2174/1874944502013010634

Article History:

Received Date: 14/06/2020
Revision Received Date: 03/09/2020
Acceptance Date: 25/09/2020
Electronic publication date: 25/11/2020
Collection year: 2020

© 2020 Birkie et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Wollo University, Dessie, Ethiopia; Tel: +251918216803; E-mail:

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